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LONDON, 1900. 


rpHESE pages, intended to serve as 
a guide-book to Littlecote, and 
printed only for private circulation, are 
dedicated, with gratitude, and by way 
of restitution, to all those authorities 
whose writings have been piUaged by 


V. I'^w** ^^-w^ , 

Littlecote. ^-k^^ {ipurtL.a*«t 

Christmas. 1897. l^U^.-^'^^) 





Though there is more matter in this 
edition than there was in its prede- 
cessor, it is issued with the hope that 
it may not contain more mistakes. 

Much of the information about "Wild" 
Darrell, and aU the letters relating to 
him, herein quoted, have been taken 
from Society in the Elizabethan Age^ 
by Mr. Hubert HaU, of H. M. Public 
Record Office; to whom, as weU as to 
Sir Lionel Darell, and to others who 
have kindly allowed their MSS. to be 
studied, the obligations of the compiler 
are hereby gratefully acknowledged. 

March, 1900. 


Calston .... (circa) 1250 

Darrell 1415 

POPHAM 1589 

Leyborne-Popham . . . 1804 



1. The South Side . . . . Frontispiece. 

2. The Noeth Side ... to face page 24 

3. The East End ... „ 52 

4. The Hall, from the West 

End „ 74 

5. The Hall, from the East 

End „ 76 

6. The Long Gallery, from 

THE West End ... „ 78 

7. The Long Gallery, from 

THE East End ... „ 80 

8. The Chapel, from the 

West End .... „ 84 

9. The Garden, in Summer, 

FROM William of Orange's 

Wing „ 128 


ITTLEOOTE, in the middle of the thirteenth 

century, belonged to Roger de Calston, of 
Calstone, near Calne, in Wiltshire, who died in the 
twentieth year of Edward the First's reign, seized of 
lands at Calstone, Quemerford, Lyttlecote, Chil- 
hampton. Little Durnford, and Ebbesborne Wake in 
Wiltshire, and at Enham Knights in Hampshire. 

He was succeeded in his estates by his son Roger, 
who, at the time of his father's death, was one year old. 

This Roger applied to the Bishop of Salisbury 
in 1341 for a license to hear Divine Service in his 
oratory at his Manor of Littlecote, near Ramsbury; 
he died two years later, leaving a son, John, then 
twenty-one years old. 

In John's lifetime Thomas de Lydeyerr became 
chaplain of Littlecote in the place of John Golyas. 
John Calston died in the thirty-first year of 



Tlie Colston 

Edward the Third's reign, leaving a son, John, then 
fifteen years old. 

Early in the fifteenth century, by the marriage of 
Elizabeth Calston (who was baptized in the second 
year of Henry the Fourth's reign), grand-daughter of 
this John Calston, and daughter and heiress of Thomas 
Calston of Littlecote, with William Darrell (son of 
Sir William Darrell of Sessay, in Yorkshire), Sub- 
treasurer of England in 1399, Littlecote passed to the 

" Littlecote," wrote Leland (about the year 1546), 
librarian and " antiquary " to Henry VIII., " the 
Darells' chief House is a Myle from Ramesbyri." 
The house mentioned by Leland is the house which 
still exists. 


The Darrell rp^E DarcUs, Darrclls, or Dayrells (whose name is 
Fatmiy. gp^j^ u D^j^eU " in the Battle Abbey RoU) — so called 
from the castle of Airel in the arrondissement of St. 
Lo, now known as Mesnilvite, built on low ground 
by the river bank, where the bridge of St. Louis 
crosses the Yire — came over at the Conquest, and 
are first heard of in Yorkshire, where Marmaduc de 



Arel witnessed a charter of William, son of Alan 
de Percy ; and Thomas de Arel occurs in 1158. 

This Thomas, according to the Liber Niger, held of 
Henry de Percy; and in the same record Ralph de 
Arel is entered as a tenant of the Honom^ of Wal- 
lingford. Either he, or another Ralph, held of Saier 
de Wahull at Horton, in Northants, and half a 
knight's fee in Oxfordshire, where Henry Dayrel 
likewise held fee. 

Sessay, their Yorkshire seat, is said to have been 
acquired through the heiress of Richard de Percy of 
Kildale, by William Dayrel, in the time of King John. 
It was certainly in their possession as early as 1223-38, 
when Sir Marmaduke Dayrel witnessed one of the 
charters of Idonea de Busli, the widow of Robert de 
Vipont, as her Seneschal. It was he who bestowed 
the church of Sessay on York Minster. 

Another Sir Marmaduke, living in 1364, married 
Alice, daughter of Ralph, and sister of Geoffrey, Pigot, 
and was succeeded in 1369 by his son. Sir William, 
who became the father of three sons, Marmaduke, 
William, and John. 

Marmadtike carried on the line at Sessay, and the 
Sir Edward Darell who, in 1433, was one of the com- 
missioners appointed by Henry YI. to report upon 
the Yorkshire gentry, was probably his son. 

Leland says of them, " I learnid that Darelles of 
Ceyssa by Newborow in Yorkshire were the oldest 



House, or one of the eldest of that Name that were 
yn England. The Heu^es Males of this House fayllid 
in King Henry the YII. tyme, and then one Guie 
Dawney, of Yorkshire, maried the Heyre General, a 
woman of a Manly Corage, and John, her Sun his 
now the Heyre." 

This heiress was Joan, sister of Sir Thomas 
Darell ; she married Sir Guy Dawnay, of Cowick. 

John founded the family of the Darrells, of 
Calehill, in Kent, which was " of eminent reputation 
among the gentry of the county," and lasted for 
more than four hundred years. 

He bought Cale Hill in 1410, and married two 
Kentish heiresses : first, a daughter of Valentine 
Barrett, of Perry Court; and, secondly, a niece of 
Archbishop Chicheley, with whom he obtained 

Of his son by his first wife, came the Darells of 
Cale Hill, the last of whom died in 1846 ; of his son 
by the second, came the Darells of Scotney, extinct in 
the main line in 1720, when, by virtue of an old family 
settlement, the estate reverted to Cale Hill. 

One of the younger brothers was the ancestor of 
a house still in existence, to which belonged Sir 
Marmaduke Darell, of Fulmer Com*t, Bucks ; " servant 
of Queen Elizabeth in her wars by sea and land, and 
Cofferer to King James, and Ejng Charles I.," as 
he is styled in his epitaph. Fulmer Chm'ch, rebuilt 



at his sole cost in 1610, retains his effigy in gilt 

" He died in 1631," says Lysons, " and his grand- 
children having squandered away their patrimony, 
were obliged to sell the manor to their servants." 

Seventh in descent from him was Sir Lionel 
Darell, created a baronet in 1795, whose great- 
grandson, also Sir Lionel Darell, lives at Fretherne 
Cornet, Gloucestershire. 

William married (probably in 1415) Elizabeth 
Calston, the heiress of Littlecote. The issue of this 
union was a son George, who, unlike his northern 
cousins was a Yorkist, and was Keeper of the Great 
Wardrobe to Edward lY. George was twice married. 
By his first wife, Margaret Stourton, he became great- 
grandfather of Jane Seymom^ (third wife of Henry 
YIII.), and great-great-grandfather of Edward YI. 
By his second wife, Jane Hautte (or, according to 
some authorities, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edmond 
Hart, Kt., of Kent), he had an heir, Edward, who made 
the fortune of the family at court. 

In the year before his death. Sir George Darrell, 
of Littlecote, had, according to the usual practice of 
those unsettled times, devised his estates in trust to 
several distinguished friends, including the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, and the Abbot of Malmesbury. 

Young Edward Darrell, of Littlecote, was eight 
years old when his father died in 1474. It is difficult 



The Darreii discovei* any information worthy of notice respect- 
Famiiy. .^^ ]nm during the next three reigns, but in the 
third year of Henry YIII. his liabilities as Sheriff 
for Wilts were remitted; and in the thirteenth year 
of the same reign Orcheston and four other Wiltshire 
manors were granted to Sir Edward Darrell by letters 
patent, which were confirmed in the next year. 

He was now one of the most considerable land- 
owners in that county, and had added to his local infl.u- 
ence by the marriage of his sister, Mary (or Margery), 
to Thomas Long, of Draycott. Sir Thomas Long's 
paternal grandmother was Alice, daughter and heiress 
of Reginald Popham, of North Bradley, Wilts. 

Sir Edward Darrell was Vice-Chamberlain to 
Katherine of Aragon, and the following document 
is not without its local interest. 

" To o"" right trusty counsaillo'^ Sir Edward 
Darrell K* om^e vicechamberlain arid keper of o'' 
pare of Chilton Folyat. 

" Katherina the Qwene. By the Queue. 

"We wol and coinaunde you to deliver or cause 
to be delivered thre okes convenable for Tymber, To 
be takyn of our gift wt. in om'e pare of Chilton Folyat 
as well for the reparacon of the Chm'che of Chilton 
Folyat whiche is in grete Rviyne and Decay, as for the 
reparacion of om*e tukking mill there. 

"And these om* letters, etc. 

" At Grenewiche vj Jan. xvj Henry YIII." 



Another of this Queen's Privy Seals, dated 25 TheDarreii 
July, 21 Henry YIII. is addressed to her Master 
Foresters and Masters of the Game to permit Sir 
Edward Darrell, her Vice-Chamberlain, to hunt and 
kill one buck in summer, and another in winter, within 
any of her chases or forests. In the same year a 
warrant was issued for the delivery of ten oaks in 
Chilton Park to Sir Edward Darrell. 

The last of the Queen Katherine's grants to her 
Vice-Chamberlain was in favour of his heirs. Therein 
is recited that Sir Edward Darrell, lately deceased, 
was the Queen's bailiff and receiver of her rents 
and profits within the manor and park of Chilton 
Folyat, and the keeper and farmer of her warrens 
and pasturage within the parks of Blagdon in Dorset 
and Fastorne in Wilts, and that he was indebted on 
those accounts for the sum of 219?. ds. 6d. Kever- 
theless, in consideration of his many and great ser- 
vices, and at the prayer of Dame Alice, his widow 
and executrix, the whole of that sum is remitted 
and excused by Her Majesty. This claim was sworn 
and allowed Michaelmas, 22 Henry VIII. 

In Sir Edward Darrell's lifetime his eldest son 
John (who married Jane, daughter of John Fetty- 
place of Shefford) was slain at Arde in Picardy. 
^ John Darrell's son, Sir Edward DarreU, married 
a daughter of Sir Thomas Essex (or, according to 
another account, of Sir William Essex — a fact which 




is the more probable, as the latter was alive under 
Edward VI.), and was, by her, the father of the last 
of the Darrells of Littlecote, William, or " Wild," 

One of the anecdotes of the Darrell family 
that can be considered authentic is derived from 
the minutes of a council at Hampton Court in 1541, 
which had under consideration a complaint lodged 
by the Bishop of Sarum that Edward Darrell, gent, 
son-in-law of Sir William (or Sir Thomas) Essex, 
had lately chased the Bishop's deer without license. 
The council, however, thought it sufficient to entrust 
the reproof due for this offence to the delinquent's 

It was in this year that Sir Edward Darrell 
purchased the manor of Chilton Folyat, which had 
been for so many years in the stewardship of his 

In Domesday, Chilton had a reputed assessment 
for ten hides ; and was valued at 101. instead of 121. 
Littlecote, on the other hand, was assessed for little 
more than one hide, and was valued at ten shillings 

Early in the fom'teenth centm'y — in the twenty- 
ninth year of Edward the First's reign — Chilton 
belonged to Hemy de Tyes, the Governor of Marl- 
borough — styled in a letter to the Pope, " Lord ot 
Chilton" — he died in 1308; Eleanor de Lisle in- 



herited from the Tyes ; and then came the Foliats, '^^ Darreii 
one of whom, Su* Sampson Foliat (living in the time 
of Henry III. and Edward I.), was a Crusader, and 
his tomb is in the church of Chilton Foliat. 

In the thirty-seventh year of Henry the Eighth's 
reign the manor of Chilton Folyat, then the dowry 
for life of another Queen Katherine, Katherine 
Howard, was let to farm to Sir Edward Darrell — 
the father of " Wild " Darrell — for a term of twenty 
years, at an annual rent of 501. Ss. 7^d. 

When, in the course of the next year, negotiations 
took place for the sale of this manor to the then 
occupier, an of&cial valuation was taken, which is 
recorded in the Particulars for Grants of that year. 

In the first membrane of this document a concise 
description is given of the manor. In the second 
membrane the timber on the estate is valued at 55Z., 
comprising forty oaks at two shillings each, and the 
rest, oaks and ashes, at a shilling. The fourth 
membrane contains a detailed description of the 
manor and its appm^tenances, including the " Beere's 
Inne " in the town of Hungerford, a " war en of 
conyes " in Chilton, and all other possessions in the 
" townes, parishes, and hamletts " of Chilton Folyat, 
Leverton, and Hungerford, in the counties of Wilts 
and Berks. 

These were sold to Sir Edward Darrell for twenty- 
two years' purchase of his rental, that is, for 





The Barren 1103/. Ids. M. To tMs suih was acMecl the value of 
Farrniy. advowsoii and parsonage of Chilton Folyat, esti- 

mated at 14:1. Ss. 8^d., making a total of 1118/. Ss. 5^d. 

Sir Edward Darrell died at Littlecote on the 
26th August, 1549. His personal estate was adminis- 
tered dm^ing the next few months by Mary Fortescue, 
who also accounted for his funeral and testamentary 

The household stuff at Littlecote was valued at 
322/. 13s. 9^^. by an inventory exhibited in due form, 
and this, with a fm'ther estimate of 30/. for out- 
standing crops, made up a total of 352/. 13s. dd. 

The " funeral and other necessary expenses," 
including legacies of sheep to various servants, 
amounted to 326/. 16s. Sd., leaving but a balance of 
25/. 176'. Id. of personal property. 

In his will, dated shortly before his death, Sir 
Edward Darrell had directed that dm'ing the next 
eleven years his executors should receive and lay by 
the profits of the manors of Chilton, Winterborne, 
and Leverton, for the pm*pose of discharging his 
debts and pursuing the livery of his heir. 

By the same will he bequeathed to Mary Danyell 
all his manors or lands of Rygge, Froxfield, Fyttleton, 
Combe, Compton, Hackleston, Balston, Hanvyles, 
Helmes, Longprydye, and Bagley, to her and her 
assigns during her natm'al life. 

To George Darrell, his " cosyn and servaunte," 



the testator bequeathed an annnity of 20 marks. To 
his "loving frend " John Knight one of 40m.; and 
annuities of 40m. to Edward Johnson, John Curr, and 
Thomas Carter — all of these annuities being payable 
out of the manor of Winterborne. To his daughter, 
Elynor, he assigned a portion of 200Z., and settled 
on her the manor of Orcheston. 

The Inquisition post-mortem taken at Sarum 
before the Escheator of Wilts, 6 October, 4 Edward 
YI., fm^ther recounts that " diu ante obitum suum 
virtute cujusdam finis in Cm4a Domini Regis apud 
Westmonasterium in crastino Sancte Trinitatis anno 
2^° coram Edw. Mantague ^ sociis suis justiciariis, 
etc, inter Thomam Philips ar. ^ J. Knight gen. 
querentes ^ dictum Edw. Darrell mil. deforciantem 
levatae, predictus Edwardus recognovit maneria de 
Fiddleton, Combe, % Hackleston esse jus ipsius 
Thome ut ilia que iidem Thomas ^ Johannes habue- 
runt de dono predicti Edwardi in perpetuum. Et pro 
hac recognitione iidem Thomas ^ Johannes concesse- 
runt predicto Edwardo predicta maneria et reddide- 
runt in cm'ia totam vitam ipsius Edwardi et post 
discessum integre remanere Marie Danyell. Et post 
discessum integre remanere rectis heredibus predicti 

The jm'ors upon this Inquisition also depose that 
by a deed dated 37 Henry YIII., Sir Edward Darrell, 
of his goodwill and favour towards Robert Moore of 



TheDarreii Bewyke-in-Holdemess and Elizabeth his wife, has 
Famxiy, ^ssuTed to them an annuity of 6L 13s. 4td. The jui'ors 
also declare that Sir Edward Darrell died at Little- 
cote 26th August, 3 Edward YI., and they find that 
William Darrell is his son and nearest heir, and that he 
is of the age of ten years, two months, and three days. 

There is one more official document to be noticed 
in relation to Sir Edward Darrell's death. This is 
the retm^n of Hem*y Clyfford, Escheator of Wilts, 
that on taking the oath of Elizabeth Darrell widow 
(as by wi"it directed) that she would not re-marry 
without the consent of the king, he had assigned to 
her the reasonable dower of 13 messuages and one 
meadow, 3 cottages, 2 gardens, 510 acres of meadow, 
203 acres of pasture, 50 acres of wood, and common 
of pasture in Wanborough, Knighton, and Ramesbmy, 
valued at 36Z. 106'. M. in all. 

This arrangement was submitted to Sir J. Brydges, 
Sir A. Hungerford, and J. Berwyk — the nearest 
friends to William Darrell, the heir of Littlecote — 
but they refused to become parties thereto. 

Sir Edward Darrell left behind him at least two 
children by his wife, Elizabeth Essex — William, and 
Elynor. Besides these there was also undoubtedly 
a third child, a son Thomas, though whether he 
were born of the same marriage, or even in wed- 
lock, there are probably no satisfactory means of 



His wife, Elizabeth, survived Mm for many years ; 
in fact, not long after his decease, she married again, 
John Rogers, of Berks, son of Sir John Rogers, of 
Dorset, an old connexion of the family. 

Elynor Darrell was eventually married to Egre- 
mond Radcliflfe. 

" Wild " Daerell. 

William, known in later years as "Wild," Darrell "wua" 
was, at the time of his father's death, a child of nine 
years old. Sir Edward Darrell had left behind him 
real property of considerable value, and a personal 
property which had been nearly absorbed in the 
payment of his funeral and testamentary expenses; 
but it would not appear that he intended his heir 
to benefit greatly by either the one or the other. 
Of the twenty-four manors of which, at the lowest 
computation, he died possessed, sixteen, at least, were 
subject to the life interest of other members of his 
family by his own act ; while two or three more were 
encumbered for long terms of years. Thu^ty years 
later William Darrell was still paying to a woman, 
for whom his father had thereby amply provided, a 
heavy rent-charge upon the estates which were his 
birthright. Thanks to Magna Charta, and to her 
own official connections, Sir Edward's widow was 


The Darrell 


secure of her reasonable dower. No sooner was Sir 
Edward Darrell dead than difficulties began to sur- 
round his heir. First the tenants of Chilton Foliat 
demurred at paying their rents to a lord who had 
but little power of compulsion at hand. This com'se 
they pursued at the instigation of the Earl of Rutland, 
who raised an ancient claim to the property in 
question. He exerted his com't influence, and, taking 
the law into his own hands, broke into Chilton Park 
with a band of armed retainers, and encamped upon 
the disputed territory. A collision ensued, and the 
young heir prosecuted some of the parties at the next 
quarter- sessions for trespass and assault. The Chilton 
tenants, becoming bolder, pressed for their rents to 
be returned to them. (See suit in the Com*t of Wards 
of certain customary tenants of the manor of Chilton 
Folyat to recover 51Z. paid to William Darrell, who 
wi'ongfully claimed the same after he was disseised 
of those lands by the Earl of Rutland. Circa 1563.) 

Finally the case resolved itself into a lingering 
suit in Chancery. 

There seem to have been continual difficulties 
with this property at Chilton Foliat, for in 1592 (three 
years after William Darrell's death) Dame Ursula 
Walsingham institvited a Chancery suit to be pro- 
tected in possession of lands in Chilton Foliat, 
Wilts., late the estate of William Darrell, Esquire, 



but parchased from him by her late husband, Sir 
Francis Walsingham, who settled the same upon 

Throughout the long period of William Darrell's 
minority he was an exile from the home of his 
ancestors. Here a spurious Lady Darrell reigned 
supreme, for her rival had married a young husband, 
and had gone to reside in another county. But, as 
soon as the young heir of Littlecote attained his 
majority, he instituted a suit to recover more than 
his nominal ownership of the home manors, basing 
his claim upon the following grounds : that the 
demise made by his father for the lady's benefit only 
extended over the period of his minority. Hereupon 
the defendant sought to prove that by an early deed 
these manors were demised to her for life ; and that 
upon her subsequent marriage, after her benefactor's 
decease, the guardian of his heir attempted to dis- 
possess her, but, after long strife, failing to do so, 
gave way " to ease his conscience," and admitted the 
justice of her cause. The reply on the part of 
William Darrell was clear and decisive as regards 
the home manors, the real point at issue. He pro- 
duced a deed, dated three years later than that under 
which the defendant claimed, whereby the property 
in dispute was conveyed to his guardian in trust 
for the lady during the heir's minority only. Hence- 


forth William Darrell was in possession at Littlecote 
till the day of his death. 

The tenants of another manor defied their lord, 
and dragged him into com't to defend his conduct. 
These were the copyholders of Wanborough, who com- 
menced a suit in the feudal Com't of Requests for 
protection against their lord's malice. Here charges 
and counter-charges of an extraordinary natm'e were 
brought forward. Darrell, it seems, had ejected 
certain of his tenants, and put new ones into their 
places. These he supported against the rebellious 
majority, and the two parties soon came to extremi- 
ties. Several of the old tenants were summoned by 
the new tenants on a charge of felony. They were 
brought before a neighbom'ing justice, committed 
for trial, and found guilty ; but they found means 
(as Darrell complained) of obtaining the Queen's 

To the action of the Wanborough copyholders, 
Darrell replied with a cross-suit in Chancery to compel 
evidence for a trial at the common law. Meanwhile 
the case of the former, after hanging fire for a long 
time at the Coui't of Whitehall (Requests), came on 
for hearing, when an injunction was issued to secure 
the plaintiffs in their holdings until further hearing 
in Chancery. This decision was highly displeasing 
to Darrell's side. One of his people refused at first 



to recognise the writ, observing incredulously "that 
it was a counterfayte and made under a busshe " — to 
the " evil example," as it was reported, of " many 
others." Foiled in one direction, Darrell fell back 
on his Chancery suit. The case had been directed 
to stand over till Michaelmas term; but on the 28th 
of October, the defendants were suddenly served 
with a notice to appear and make answer afresh on 
the 29th. The summons was dated the 26th, though 
neither motion nor order had been made. The 
opponents had stolen a march. 

Worse than this was Darrell's position with regard 
to his Berkshire tenants at TJffington. The chief of 
these was a nephew, who — upon the occasion of some 
quarrel, the merits of which are uncertain, though the 
law afterwards decided in the uncle's favom^ — armed 
a band of rioters, and made a forcible entry into the 
lands in dispute. The shepherds whom they found in 
the fields, after a few blows, fled before them, so, leav- 
ing some of their number to guard the captured sheep, 
they marched on to the mansion. The garrison con- 
sisted only of two of Darrell's dairywomen; but the 
invaders, fearing the possibility of an ambuscade, or 
more probably an action for burglary, did not at once 
commence an assault, but established a blockade, and 
"laye in contynuall awayte" about the house for four 
or five days. During this time they placed sentinels 


on the terrace, and patrolled the grounds, recemng 
support from their allies in the neighbourhood. At 
last the house was stormed, and occupied by the enemy 
in force. Meantime the detachment mounting guard 
over the flocks was reconnoitred by the shepherds 
anxious for their charge, as it was just then lambing 
time. The rioters, however, seized the shepherds, and 
hoisting their heels aloft, "drew them violently a greate 
distance, their hedes knocking agaifist the ground,'' 
and cast them headlong forth. 

Last of all was the case of the manor of Axford, 
one of the most weighty cases of those times. This 
estate had been conveyed by Sir Edward Darrell to 
his father-in-law. Sir William Essex, and had been 
devised by the latter to his eldest son with option 
of purchase to Sir Edward Darrell and his heirs at 
a stated price. The sum in question was tendered 
by Sir Edward to the younger Essex, but was refused 
by the latter, and the matter was allowed to drop. 
But William Darrell was not a man to treat the 
subject so lightly. He considered himself the life 
tenant by succession to an inalienable birthright, and 
without otherwise molesting the Essexes' tenant, 
began to fell timber on the manor. A lawsuit at 
once followed, throughout which Darrell continued 
to fell timber as before, in spite of his counsel's 


The Essexes supported their tenant, and the case " 
was protracted for some twenty years ; during which 
time personal feeling became more and more em- 
bittered. Here are three letters that passed between 
"Wild" Darrell and his counsel (Sir John Popham, 
the Attorney- General, and the subsequent owner of 
Littlecote), referring to this felling of trees at Axford, 
and one from Sir John Danvers to Darrell on the 
same subject. 

Sir John Popham to William Darrell. 

"After my heartie commendacions unto you. 
Wheras the matter betweene Mr. Stukeley ^ you 
is by the consent of you bothe referred to Order, I 
pray you to forbeare to cutt downe any more woode 
or trees in A:s:ford during suche tyme as the matter 
dependeth in comprymys. I was moved herein by 
Mr. Stewkeley after your departure from me and as 
the case standeth, I thinke hit verie resonable you 
yeld unto yt. I mene if God please to be at Salis- 
burie the wekes dale at night before Easterdaie ; 
where for divers respectes I would gladlie speke w*^ 


you. And thus I bidd you farewell. From Cloford, 
this iij'^^ daie of Marche 1582. 

"Yo- assured good frend 


"To the wo^^ 

My very lovyng frend 

My Wylliam Darrell Esqyer 

Geve these at Lytlecott." 

Sir Jora Dawers to William Daerell. 

"I founde Mr. Attorney after his departure from 
Sarum at Wylton; where yt pleasid my L. of Pem- 
broke to have some communicacion towchinge you, 
chardging you with very unthanckfull dealing 
towardes him. His L. was answerid by us boathe 
in the best manner we coulde, for yom' creadytte; 
upon the which Mr. Attorney commoning with me 
privatlie, willed me to advise you from him (as yom* 
frynde) to remaine of a former good mynde towardes 
my L : and so not to deale with any other touching 
Axford untill he may agein speake with you. And 
so would I wysshe you for divers cawses which you 
shall knowe at my nexte speaking w^*" you. And for 
my bargaine from Whytewaye, I see the lykelyhed 

" Wild" 



SO ill for me to make a savinge bargaine, as I will 
not troble you any further in ytt. And so with my 
verie hartie commendacions, I bidd you farewell. 
From Dauntesey the y^^ of Marche 1582. 

"Yol: loving frend ^ kynnesman, 

"Jo: DA]srvERS. 

"To the worshipfull his lovinge 
kynnesmann Mr. William Darrell 
Esquier — Deliver theis." 

William Darrell to Sir Joecn^ Popham. 

" I receved yo!^ letters dated at Cloforde the iij*^ of 
Marche by the handes of a Shepherde cominge from 
the downes by some distaunce from me the vj*? day 
after, but how they came to him nether of himself nor 
otherwise unto this daye could I well learn, but that 
of a man unknown they wer receved. Yo!" letters in 
matter rested on too poyntes. The one that sithence 
the cause betwyne Study and me is reffered to speach 
yo'^ do pray me to forbeare cuttinge downe woudes ^ 
trees in Axforde, and was moued therin by Stucley, 
and do thinck it very resonable I should yelde unto 
it. Wherat I have and do marvell me much, and 
am in the same sorely perplexed, sithence I was not 




easily drawen to have speacli in it, no not altlioiighe 
I love yo":" and doo reste upon yo" before any other. 
For I was not then ignoraiint who would stirr, and 
what would be enterponed. And therefore I receved 
yo'; promise not only in this matter, but also in a 
thing of a seconde degree ; the which I knowe is well 
w*.^ yo'^ in good remembraunce, nether was I con- 
tented to have it talked of, in that of my libertie I 
would be abridged nor through forbearinge to have 
my cause slaundered or by such a sm'ceasinge to give 
occation of doubtful speach to common people wherby 
oppinion of the same may be lost. The which is the 
only thing that in few yeares sute as it I have gayned. 
Mr. Atturney yol" could not thinck this convenyent. 
But talkinge of late w*^ S!^ John Danvers, o' my God ; 
he telling me somewhat, 1 knew therby much, wherof 
I will expresse nothinge in letters. But what be men, 
and what minds be in them in thes dayes. Wher is 
become the integrete, clearnes of consciens and vertu 
that somtyme have bin. 1 have learned one rule in 
books from the auncyent fathers, and have found it 
in experience among'st men; that that day that a 
man would have another's landes or his goodes, that 
day he would have his life also if he could. I pray 
yo'^ pray for me, for I am at this present in sory case. 
The rest of yo^^ letters was that I should meat yo";" the 
Wensday at night before Easter at Sarmu : the w""" 1 



woulde willinsfly doo but the yll affection of my health " 

^ Darrell. 

at this present doth inforce me to pray yo'^ to hold me 
excused. And at London shortely or when yo";" will 
yo"? shall have [me] to attende yo'^, and, with reason, 
to leade me ^ cary whether yo"^ will. I found by Sir 
John Dan vers that I was beholding to you also of 
late. Amyddest the wilfullnes of other men's speaches 
I have bynn alwayes beholding to yo". I am indebted 
to yo^, and as I do acknowledge it so am ready to 
satisffie for it. And as I have receaved the one, so 
am ready to acquitt my selfe in the other. And so 
w*.'' my harty comendations I bidd yo^ fare-well. At 
my pour hous at lytellcot the 27*^ of marche 1583. 

"Yo"; losing and assured frind 

"W. Daeell. 

"To the right worshipful 
my loving frind M"" Popham, 
Attm'ney General geve thes." 

Sir John Popham to William Darrell. 

"Mr. Darrell, wheras you wryte to me that (as I 
tak hyt) you marveled I shold be off opinion hyt 
were convenyent you shold forbeare the fellyng of 
woodes dependyng the comprymyse; trewly I was 


and am of that opynyon and so wold you be also yf 
the case were tried that the possessyon were off the 
othersyd. And the rather I am so induced, for that 
yf hys counsell hadd well loked unto hyt, I thynke 
they myght have restreyned you therof by the lawe. 
And wheras I gather by yo^ letter yo" wryte that 
you dydd not thus conceave of me, when you co- 
mytted hit unto me. I assm'e you that neyther yo": sellf 
nor any man else shall justly charg me w^^ any abuse 
off any thyng comytted to me. And yet in thys 
and in all other [I] may and wyll move that w'^?' shalbe 
[hereto] convenyent and resonable. And touchyng 
yo^ beyng here, hyt was but to have conferred w*? you 
in a poynt that concernyd the whole success of yo' 
cause to have been armed for hyt w".'' beyng sent by 
me (I protest before God) for yo'^ most good, I cannot 
gather by the doubtfulnes of yo' letter what plesyr 
you had conceaved off hyt. I never yet deserted any 
and I wyl not now begyn w^?" you. I thinke you 
have hadd better proff [of] me. And so w^'^ my herty 
comendacyons do comytt you to God. At Sarum, 
the xxviij*^ of marche 1583. 

" Y"."^ loving frend 


" To the w^."^ Mr. Wyll'^ DarreU Esq"^? 
" geve these." 



William Darrell's rent-roll was, no doubt, at one 
time considerable. His father died possessed of 
some twenty-four manors, the gross rental of which 
could not have been much less than 2000Z. by the 
year. Alienations, law-suits, and a higher rate of 
living must have reduced William Darrell's average 
income to about half that amount. At the time of 
his greatest embarrassments, it was actually between 
700Z. and 800?., about half of which was derived 
from the rents of some half dozen manors, and the 
rest was made up of arrears, dues, and the proceeds of 
the farms at Littlecote and Axford. He was, how- 
ever, perpetually in difficulties. He owed money to 
usurers, tradesmen, and many of his neighbours. 
He anticipated his rents, and pawned much of his 
plate. These transactions brought him into collision 
with creditors whose importunities he was not inclined 
to brook; and so one more element of discord was 
added to his difficulties. There can be no doubt that 
this continual drain was chiefly owing to law-costs. 
Indeed, no other explanation presents itself. His 
household consisted of retainers who had grown old 
in the service of the family, and the cost of their 
maintenance did not exceed 501. 3b year. 

"Wild" Darrell's famous amour was the tm^ning 
point of his life, and his enemies' opportunity. 
Sir Walter Hungerford abandoned his wife, and 



put the law into motion, but he lost his divorce 
suit (1568-70). One of Sir Walter's half-brothers 
took up his quarrel, drew on Darrell, and would have 
killed him ; but the encounter ended without serious 
result. The following letters, bearing on the case, 
are full of human interest. 

Lady Hotgerfoed to Willia^i Darrell. 

" I have sente to you my dear Will a messenger 
off great truste by whom you shall se the coppe of the 
essaminyng off thowes Varletes, as you may well 
perseve by ther tales the have bene well tawte ther 
lessones. But I dout not but that God will defende 
me from all the vill & abomynabell practiscis, and 
shamefoll rewarde shall the have for ther great paines 
and specially thowes at whos handes I have not 
desarved it, but sithe it is my fortune to be thus 
plaged for yom' sake, I muste & will be contented w^ all, 
praing you to ploke up yower wittes and memory to 
defende this my unfortunate cawes & youres; for 
my parte I am both ignoraund & witles to dele 
in those matres, yet have I good Will to doo therein 
to the uttermost, whiche mythinkes I kolde muche 
better do iff I myght talke wythe you whiche cannot 



be till ye tearme, be no meanes, & that is to me no 
small greff; at whiclie time you shall know how & 
wher to talke w? me. In the mene season it shalbe 
requysite for you & me bothe to sherche and seeke 
oute what possabell may be to deface and disprove 
thos varlettes that soo vily hathe yoused us. Talke 
you I pray you effecteously w* this barer who hathe 
noted certaine thinges to be considered off; & 
especially for the times, and what witnesses be beste 
to be had or sought fore. It trubles me muche & 
feares me more, & nobody have I to take and say my 
minde unto, but only you who I cannot have. God 
send me reste & quietnes in heven, for hear I have 
none in this worlde. I have muche more to wryte 
then ether helthe will soffer me or you to rede w* oute 
being wery, wher fore I leve off this matter till we 
mete, trusting my tounge and wittes will better com 
to me and sarve me then at our Last meting the did, 
for the site off you then was suche to me as I kolde 
not otere that whiche faine I wolde have sayde. Now 
as touching your lettres whiche you sent me by your 
man whom at that time founde me in suche sounding 
fitts and wekenys as yet I ame not any longe time 
voyde thereoff, so that I kolde not then write as I 
wolde, nor at this present cane soo well as I kolde 
wische; and for you writing to my frendis, I holde 
well w* all soo it be done advisedly & but to my father 



only as I have geven this barer instructions. My 
Lorde off Lester, writ a very friendly letter to my 
father in my behalfe, declaring I shaU not lacke all the 
frendship he may do for me. And wher you put me 
in remembarance to yowes you well and all soo 
charging me w? my othe, to the fui'ste I say I have 
not at any time missused you, nor never will to the 
deathe, and then I truste no othe is or cane be brokin. 
But how you have and will yowes me it hathe & dothe 
reste only in you, I charge you not. and when you 
will me to commande you and all you have, full well 
you knowe my dear dorrell I never wayed your goodes 
or Landes but only you and yom* faithefull good Will, 
as God be my J udge & your selfe, iff ether I myght 
or kolde by any possobell meanes have incressede 
yom' worshep, or welthe, ther never wanted good Will 
in me at any time ; but how long or littell a time 
soo ever I live, I loke not to be voyed off greves off 
olde time growen ; & in what case I am or shall be 
in I knowe not. Then waye you who hathe moste 
cause not only to saye consider — but alsoo to consider. 
To yom' fmTst letter I answer laste, thinking not you 
have loste any frendes but rather plesereth you in 
that the have shewed ther dissembling frendshep, 
but I dot not, as I have afore saide butt that God will 
provide for us meny frends. Luker & gaine makes 
meny dissembling and hollow hartes, and whar as 



you say you will kepe ye burde in your breste saiffe 
and othe that you have sworne never to revelle nor " 
breake, one thinge assur yourselfe off, cawes justly 
you shall have none to breke & in tim I shall well 
find & parseve your farste menyng and constancey. 
This my dear Will I leve forder to wryte, to you till 
we may mete, whiche I truste shall be shortely; 
praing Allmyte Gode to presarve and kepe the bothe 
body and sole. 

"During liffe ever one 

"A. Htogerforde." 

" The barrer hear off semes to be very carfull of my 
bisnis and painfull I have founde him, and a good 
sotell hede anoweff to dele in mattres. Ones again 
a 1000 times fare well ti[ll] mor at large, may I talke 
w* Him. " A. H. 

" To the right worshepfull 

my cossane Master Darrell 

Geve these at [Littlecote] 

Lady Htwgeiiford to William Darrell. 

" My good dorrell I hear y' you mett w* Lewes Ty 

at Colbrok, and ther stayed him in soo muche that 

Edward Hungerford was faine to make great sute 




to my Lord off Londane to have him discharged 
wher he standethe bounde for his apparence at the 
next Court day and allso that he shall appere at all 
times afterwardes, from time to time. He alsoo made 
great complante that ether you did or elles you wolde 
have sene the Letteres that he brought from Sir 
Walter, as yff you have not I wolde to God you hade 
s. and y. touchin the other s. Letter d. you wot off, 
I wolde faine it were mendid for myne Aunte hathe 
& dothe show it to diveres as to my Lorde of Lester, 
my Lady Sidney, and otheres and makethe suche 
bragges off it as you never saw, all soo bedle the 
regester tolde me that he harde Lowes Die shuld be 
offred a living worth xx markes by the year, to forsake 
his master but how or be home I know not For the 
Love off God my good Will be carfull for me this 
matter and thinke how muche it standethe me uppone, 
and in any wyse seke I pray you to bringe in as meny 
witnyssis for the profe off yom' being at Londane all 
the Ester terme as by any possebell menes you cane 
get/ Godsoll was very straytly exsamenned apon ye 
intergatoryes there was xl of them layed in againste 
him and amoungaste whiche ther was one to knowe 
whether you came to my loging during the time you 
wer at London, and whether we dede mete or see 
one annother or not. As for any sartain nues, we 
have none as it [yet], but dayly the poste ar loked 



for. Young Roper is comyted to prysin w* divres 
other from the Star chamber for religione matter, 
but it is thought greter parsones shall follough. And 
this wisshing you as well as your one [own] harte can 
desire, to ye Almytey I leve you. From London. 
The XX off Feberyary. 

" Ever one during life, 

"A. Htogerfoede. 

" In any case 
lowes not ye s. letter, d. 
Small thinges can doo no harem. 
& y frendship x. we shall not lake. 
" To my very frend 

Master Dorrell geve [thes] — " 

Lady Hungeeford to William Darrell. 

"My dear Dorrell W* my faythefull comenda- 
cyones this barer makethe suche haste that I have 
no time to write as I wolde, but for ye passiane off 
Gode thinke what you have to doo & let me not be 
undone, for this barer telleth me that my counsell 
is marvellouesly astoned for y* the cannot goo for- 
warde acording to ther furste instructiones so y* now 
y? know not what to saye or what to lay in for answer. 

have sent to me to knowe what I kolde say con- 


sarnying your being to me at Ester terem was iij year, 
wMche to geve my remembrance you were not at 
that tim ther but off sartaine I cannot tell I rather 
thinke you wer ther at trynytie terme, but full well 
I doo & ever shall remember you wer ther at Ester. 
Thus putting my only tuste in you I comyt you to ye 
aUmyte who send you as well in thinge as your seKe 
wolde wishe. " In haste at midnyte. 

"A. H. 
" rede & bren. 
" To yf Right Worshepfull Master Dorrell. 

g[eve] theis." 

Lady Hungerfoed to William Daerbll. 

" Myster Dorrell, 

" I by the othe that I have sworne upone 
the holy Angleste do acknowledge that if Sir Water 
Hungerfer my husband now liveng do departe oute 
of thys lyfe,* that I here by the othe that I have 
swarne, and wytnes of thys my hande that I wyll take 
you to my husbande. Wytnes therof thys my hand 
sufdesyth. "A™a Hotgerford. 

[Endorsed by William Darrell.] 
" To his weU beloved wife, the lady Hungerford, at 
the Castell of Frogges be thys delivered." 

* Originally written — " if Sir Watre Hungerfer my husband were not levyng." 



Sir Frances Ei^glefield to Dorothy Essex. "Wiid' 


"You have hearde (I doubte not) how my La. 
Hungerfardes greate sewte ys at lengthe endyd by 
sentens to her suffycyent purgation and honor, 
thoughe neyther suffycyent for her recompens nor 
for hys punysshement. . . . Her letters to me 
were bothe of one effecte, to say, to procure what I 
may that by her fryndes som ordre may be taken 
to bryng her out of debte, and to fm'nyshe her to 
lyve in suche an estate as they her fryndes thynke 
mete that she doo susteyne. I am not ignoraunt that 
the charges wilbe greater than any one of them (that 
may) will willingly beare and I know that some of 
them that may best, will doe least. Yet see I none 
other way untyll God send that the justyce of her 
cause may be better hearde, and that greate beaste 
my cosen compellyd bothe to recompens the injuryes 
doone her, and to furnyse her wythe yerely lyvyng 
accordyng to the portion that she brought hym. 

" LouYAiNE, April 19th, 1570." 

Lady Akna Htjngerford to Dorothy Essex. 

"My dear Essex, I have reseved diveres lettres 
from you and allso from her grasse. ... I have 
byn in that necessete y' I have solde all my wering 



clothes and my tabell clothe and suche linens as you 
knowe I hade — and all to helpe me to maintane my 
sute in lawe in clering me of myn innoseence. And 
now I have sentence of my side, but Master Hunger- 
forde will not pay my charges nor yet geve me living 
whiche ye lawe geves me, but the rather will li in 
the flete, rather then to parte w any peny of living 
w^ me. O my deare Doll what endelles messeres 
do I live in! O what frendes had I that this most 
wrechedly hathe utterly caste me and all mine away. 
I am not abell to wi'ite ye one quarter of my trobeles 
whiche I have indured. Sur Water Hungerfo, and 
his brother hathe touched me in iij thinges, but I 
wolde in no case have ye douches to knowe them for 
geving hm^ grefe. The furst was, sence you wente, 
advortery. Ye seckond w!" morder. Ye iij that I 
wolde a' poyssoned him vj yeares agone ; but all 
thes has fallen out to his shame ; but I shall never 
recover it whilest I live, the greves hathe bin and is 
suche to me, and mine necessetys so, that I fear I 
shall never be as I have byn. ... I have nobody 
to travell for me for Gardener is gone from my father, 
and I have not to geve him anything to sarve me 
so y^ I knowe not what to doo ; and my horesses ar 
bothe dede so y^ I have nothinge to helpe myselfe 
w^ all. ... I am forssed to put all my fokes away 
at medsomer for I have not to kepe them and 



nothing trebles me so muche as that I have not to " 
do for GodsoU for he has loste muche by his sarving ""^^ ' 
of me. My cheldrene I have not harde of this xj 
mountes and more. Yf ar loste for wante of good 
plassing; Susane is as I hear clen spoilled, she has 
forgotten to rede and hnr complexsione clen gone 
w* an yeche, and she hathe skante to shefte her w* all. 
Jane is w* a semster in Malboro very evel to [do]. 
Surly I wer happy if God wolde take them out of 
this life. 

" The Savoy, March 25th, 1570." 

Darrell's enemies bestirred themselves. They 
appeared in the Justice-room at Kewbury, where 
one of the cases in which Darrell was involved 
(Darrell against Hide) was being heard before Com- 
missioners (Sir Henry Knyvett, Mr. Anthony Bridges, 
and Mr. Roger Younge), and accused one of the 
Littlecote servants of "the mm'theringe of one 
Blontte." Soon afterwards Darrell himself was 
charged with being an accomplice. This was in 1578, 
and the charge was " towching a murther that sholde 
be doon about three years past." Finally bail was 
taken for Darrell to meet the charge. 

This was, indeed, a crisis in Darrell's fortunes. 




He was overwhelmed with debt; he was formally 
accused of one mm^der, and suspected of another ; 
he had to bear the odium of debauchery and fraud ; 
he was at law with nearly all his tenants, and in a 
state of open warfare with most of his neighbom's ; 
and now he was thrown into prison, and, in order to 
obtain his release, compelled to pay a very large sum 
of money to the Lord-Lieutenant of his own county, 
Lord Pembroke. 

It is in 1579 that we find " Wild " Darrell caged in 
the Fleet Prison, and his imprisonment happened in 
this wise. In 1577, DarreU being in his normal state 
of antagonism with most of his neighbom^s great 
and small, an armed party of the latter had proceeded 
to the house of one Thomas Brinde, an agent of 
Darrell's, and mm'dered him in cold blood as he 
sat before his door. The murderers were harboured 
and protected by Darrell's enemies, foremost of whom 
was Sir Henry Knyvett, sheriff of Wilts. The widow 
of the mm'dered man was compensated, and the 
circumstances were hushed up. Darrell, however, 
was not a man to put up with an affront. The crime 
had been committed within his own feudal lordship, 
and the mm'dered man had been his agent, his friend 
as he now impulsively called him, whose blood cried 
cried for vengeance. He posted up to town, and 
interviewed Mr. Solicitor, the Lord Chief Justice, 



and other influential people, who do not seem to have 
been able — or willing — to prevent him from taking 
the initiative for the vindication of the law. This 
Darrell attempted, and an abortive prosecution was 
the result. After a year's delay, and seeing that no 
justice was to be got in the shire, he next sought out 
the brother of the murdered man, and assisted him 
to lay a petition before the Crown itself, openly 
charging Sir Henry Knyvett with shielding the guilty 
parties from justice. This brought matters to a crisis ; 
and Darrell's enemies now put out their whole 
strength against him. First Knyvett brought an 
action against him for promoting the petition of his 
late accuser, laying the damages at 5000L, and others 
followed his example. At the same time Lord Hert- 
ford, and Knyvett were collecting evidence to support 
another charge, that of a child murder described in 
the " Littlecote Legend." 

As, however, neither of these schemes promised a 
speedy issue, they determined to denounce Darrell 
as a disaffected person. Two of the Littlecote 
servants were induced to accuse him of a certain 
slander uttered in their hearing, " and particularly 
touching the Lords of the Privy Council, and after 
that the ladies of the Courte, and laste the Judges 
of the londe." 

Among a mass of papers, deeds, drafts, interroga- 
tories, and the like, relating to the history of " Wild " 

"Wild" Darrell, have been found the following satirical 

Darrell. , , 

lines : — 

" The Courtyars craved all 
The Queene graunted all 
The Parliament passed all 
The Keeper sealed all 

" The Ladies ruled all 
Mouns?" Buyroome spoyled all 
The crafty intelligencer hard all 
The Busshoppes smothed all 

" He that was apposed [set] himselfe agaynst all 
The Judges pardoned all 

Therefore unless yo": Majestie spedely amend all 
W^out the great mercy of God the devill will 
have all." 

Note. — Professor Hales, to whom Mr. H. Hall 
referred these lines, suggested that Mounsiem* Buy- 
roome should be Marshall Biron. 

Here, as Mr. Hubert Hall — the finder of these 
papers — says, writing in the Athenmim in 1887, here 
we have the identification of this libel with the one 
attributed to Darrell, the existing MS. being, no 
doubt, in the form of a deposition taken during 
subsequent proceedings. These resulted in Darrell's 
arrest, examination, and imprisonment in the Fleet, 



where he remained for several months in 1579, under 
the high displeasure of Her Majesty. 

There exist thirty or forty of Darrell's letters 
written dming his imprisonment, addressed to various 
people at Court. 

To the Lord Chancellor, — 31 January: Com- 
plaining that his lordship moved him to prosecute 
Brinde's murderers, whence his present persecution 
by Sir Henry Knyvett. 

To Sir James Croft. — 6 February : Protesting 
his innocence of the alleged slander against the 
Court and Council. 

To Mr. Secretary Walsingham. — 6 February: 
Describing the false accusations of his enemies, 
which have involved him in the displeasure of the 

To Sir Christopher Hatton. — 7 February: Ec- 
lating the malicious charges and persecution of his 
enemies ; and again, 20 February, demanding justice, 
especially for the recovery of the Queen's favour, and 
his temporary release to conduct his private affairs. 

To the Earl of Leicester. — 7 February : Telling 
the story of his prosecution of Brinde's murderers, 
whereby he has incurred actions for £10,000 damages ; 
and of the perjury and subornation employed against 
him, and the false accusation before the Queen of 
seditious libel. 

To Lord Chief Justice Dyer. — 12 February: 


Repeats his version of Brinde's case, and his own 
imprisonment. Sir Henry Knyvett is sherilff of Wilts, 
and the coroners etc. are his partisans, therefore prays 
change of the venue "before you," with a special jmy, 
as in Stuckeley's case. " There is I trust one thinge 
for all men. God is above; indifferent, all mens 

To Sir James Croft again. — 20 February: His 
houses are entered, and his property taken by force. 
His people molested, and one of them lately kid- 
napped, and he is harassed with trumped-up actions, 
which he is unable to defend, being in prison. "I 
beseech you even for the justice of the lordes sake " 
that these practices may be stopped, and a fair trial 
awarded ; and again, 27 February, his cousin Brydges 
goes to Cornet by whom he shall have Lord Hertford's 
dealings, which shall be fully repaid. Protests his 
innocence of these charges. 

To the Earl of Leicester again. — 11 March : Deny- 
ing the slanderous reports of his enemies. His grief 
at Her Highness's displeasm'e. Prays for his assistance 
against the malice of his enemies to spoil his property. 
And again, 22 April, thanks for his gracious interces- 
sion. Understands thereby that Her Majesty is now 
well disposed towards him, and therefore anticipates 
his liberty. And again, 26 April, enclosing a suppli- 
cation to the Queen. And again, 15 May, would 
like to have his liberty." 



To Sir Francis Walsingham agavn. — 18 March ; 
Thanks for his infinite goodness, for which he will 
bear a life-long gratitude. Prays for his mediation 
with the Queen, and his release from prison, wherein 
his debts are great, and his credit gone. Again, 
22 April, acknowledges past obligations and further 
ones of which Mr. Comptroller has spoken to him. 
" God requite you, and I will do my best." Prays his 
further help to obtain his release in order to pursue 
his suits which are pending. 

To Sir Thomas Bromley. — 21 April: Has remained 
prisoner here since the 6th of February, ignorant 
of his offence, but not of the malice of his enemies. 
Is surprised at this treatment, as he was often 
sent for to Greenwich and pressed to prosecute 
Brinde's mm^derers, then suing for pardon. Was he 
not also promised immunity from the malice of those 
" mallaparte people," and in the end was persuaded 
to prosecute to his present cost, being slandered and 
cast into prison? Marvels at this, especially con- 
sidering my Lord Pemhrohe^s concern in this matter. 
Nevertheless, he is possessed of patience and a 
constant mind. Yet it should he considered this 
punishment is not for his own cause, but another^s ; 
however, if he is now released, he will be quits with 
those who should have assisted him, and moreover 

To the Earl of Pembroke. — 19 May : Is sorry 





to hear from Sir Edward Herbert that his letters 
gave offence. Marvels hereat, considering his lord- 
ship^s interest in his case. Defends his zeal in 
prosecuting Brinde's murderers. Would be glad 
to hear privately from him as to the purchase of 
interest at Axford. Has already spent 1700Z. in 
his suit. Prays him to assist in obtaining his release, 
whereby his gratitude will be assured. 

Mr. HaU suggests that Darrell may have heard 
the rhymed libel on the Cornet (referred to above) 
recited by some wit — possibly at the Pembroke's at 
Ramsbmy — and having indiscreetly repeated it at 
his own table, was betrayed by his own servants. 
A similar episode is related in the State Papers of 
the period, in which a libel was uttered against 
Walsingham at a Wiltshire dinner-table, and repeated 
by a spy, to the confusion of the company. 

This supposition (adds Mr. Hall) is not whoUy 
fanciful, for Darrell always declared that he had 
suffered for another's fault, to screen a greater than 
himself, and that one he tells us was Pembroke. 

It has been stated (with reference to Darrell's 
lawsuits and quarrels with his tenants) by the same 
authority that " all the above - mentioned contests 
were the result of a combination of Darrell's 
tenantry instigated by his personal enemies." 

It takes, however, at least two to make a quarrel, 
and it would be not unnatm'al to wonder whether 



" Wild " Darrell were not a somewhat difficult 
neighbour, if indeed he were not given to what 
Aristophanes would have called " early-rising, base- 
informing, sad-litigious, plaguy ways." 

No doubt the circumstances of his early life were 
full of difficulties ; to evade, or to overcome, which 
would have required a calm head and ripe experience 
(neither of which advantages " Wild " Darrell seems 
to have possessed); and while it would be difficult 
for the ordinary observer to believe that a man 
(whose whole life was spent in litigation and quarrels, 
and who appears to have had but few friends, save 
those whom he bought) could have been entirely the 
victim of circimistances, or qualified to appeal success- 
fully from the verdict of his contemporaries to that of 
posterity three centuries after his death — there is 
a latent chord in human nature which vibrates, with 
pity and regret, to the story of a proud character dis- 
torted by ceaseless quarrels with neighbours, with 
tenants, and with kin. 

The Littlecote Legend. 

Among Darrell's correspondence from the Meet 
prison in 1579 is a memorandum by Anthonye Bridges, 
enclosing a copy of a deposition made before him, 
referring to the story of a child-murder, about which. 


in 1578 and 1579, Lord Hertford and Sir Henry 
Knyyett, both neighbours of Darrell, were seeking 
for evidence. 

The story, related by Aubrey in the seventeenth 
century, is well known from its repetition by Sir 
Walter Scott in a note to BoJcehy, where the tradi- 
tion is expanded. 

The story is to the following effect. 

A midwife was fetched out of Berkshire, at dead 
of night, to come to the assistance of a person of 
rank, with a promise of high pay, but on condition 
that she should be blindfolded. After a rough ride 
on horseback behind the messenger, she arrived at 
a house, and was conducted upstairs, where she 
performed her duties to the lady ; but no sooner 
were these ended than a man of ferocious aspect, 
seizing the new-born boy, threw it on the back of 
the Ore that was blazing on the hearth, and destroyed 
it. The midwife returned to her home, and long 
brooded in secret over her singular adventure ; but 
the crime to which she had been privy at length pro- 
duced its fruit, and her mind became ill at ease ; so, 
disregarding the bribe, she went to a magistrate, and 
confessed to him all that she knew. She believed 
that she could identify the house, for, on ascending 
the stairs, she had counted the number of steps, 
and from the bedside she had brought away a piece 
of the bed- curtain. 



Here is the memorandum of Anthonye Bridges, 
enclosing the deposition of Mother Barnes. 

"Upon the troble and ymprisonment of William 
Darrell, the Erie of Hertforde did send for me 
Anthonye Bridges and often tymes I came to him, 
his speche beinge altogedther of Wm. Darrell esquier, 
and what I coulde saie to be a meane to accuse 
the said William. And at the last he prayed me to 
tell what Mother Barnes a mydewief dwellinge in 
ShifPorde had heretofore said to him touching the 
delivery of a childe. And I declared him the speche 
as I nowe remembre." 

[Deposition of Mother Babnes the Midwife.] 

" Thes are to testefye my knowlege touchinge cer- 
teyne speche w".^ Mother Barnes of Shefforde uttered 
not longe before her deathe in the presence of me and 
others videlt. That there came unto her house at 
Shefforde, two men in maner leeke servinge men 
in blacke fryse cotes, rydinge upon very good geld- 
inges or horses w".^ declared unto her that theyre 
mystres (as they then called her) nameing M""'- Knevett, 
w''^ is nowe the wyfe of Henry Knevett, Knighte of 
Wiltesh. had sente by them comendacions unto her 
prayenge her of all loves to come unto her forthw^ 
accordinge to her promise ; shee beinge as they said, 





at that tyme neare her tyme of traveyle of childe 
whoe presently prepared her selfe redy to ryde, and 
beinge somwhat late in the eveninge, shee departed 
from her said house in the company of the two before 
recited persons, whoe rode w*? her the moste parte of 
alle that nighte. And towardes daye, they broughte 
her unto a fayre house and alighted her neere a doore 
of the said house at the w''^ doore one of those that 
broughte her made some little noyse, eyther by 
knockinge or rynginge of some belle, wheruppon 
there came to the said doore a tall slender gentleman, 
having uppon h3rQi a longe goune of blacke velvett, 
and bringinge a ilighte w*^ him, whoe so soone as shee 
was entred into the said doore, made faste the same, 
and shutt out those that broughte her, and presently 
broughte her upp a stayres into a fayre and a large 
greate chambre, beinge hanged all aboute w^^ arras in 
the w"".^ chambre there was a chymney, and therein 
was a great fyre and from thence through the said 
chambre shee was conveyed unto an other chambre 
leeke proporcion, and hanged in leeke sort6 as the 
fyi'ste was, in the w^^ chambre was also a chymney 
and a greate fyre, and passinge through the said 
seconde chambre, shee was broughte into a thyrde 
chambre, hanged also rychlye w^f* arras, in the w^f" 
chambre there was a bed rychlye and gorgeouslye 
furnished the curteynes of the said bed beinge alle 
close drawen about the said bed. And so soone as 



shee was entered in at the doore of the laste resited 
chambre, the said partye in the longe velvet goune 
ronned softly in her eare sayinge ; loe, in yonder bed 
lyethe the gentle woman that you are sente for to 
come unto, go unto her and see that yow doe youre 
uttermost endevoyre towardes her, and yf shee be 
safely delivered, you shall not fayle of greate rewarde, 
but if shee myscarry in her traveyle, yow shall dye. 
Wheruppon, as one amased, she departed from the 
said gentleman to the beddes syde, fyndinge there a 
gentlewoman in traveyle, lyenge in greate estate, 
as by the furniture uppon her and aboute her it dyd 
appeare, this gentlewoman's face beinge couered 
eyther w*^ a viser or a cell, but w^^ w''? I doe not 
remembre. And shortly after her cominge she was 
delivered of a man childe, whoe for lacke of other 
clothes was fayne to be wrayped in the myd-wyfes 
apron, and so was carried by the said midwyfe into 
one of the two fyrste chambres that shee passed 
throughe at the fyrste w^^ the gentleman, fynding 
the said gentleman there at her coming thither, whoe 
demaunded of her whether the partye that shee came 
from was delivered of childe or no, whoe aunswered 
that shee was safely delivered of a man childe w''?' shee 
there presently shewed him, requiringe him that some 
provision of clothes might be had to*wrapp it w*? alle, 
who incontinently brought e her to the fyre syde, into 
the w^.'' fyre he commaunded her to caste the childe, 


wheruppon shee kneeled doune unto Mm, desyringe 
him that he would not seeke to destroy it, but rather 
geve it unto her, promisinge him to keep it as her 
owne, and to be sworne never to disclose it, the w""^ 
thinge the gentleman woulde not yelde unto, but 
forthw'^^ the childe was caste into the fyre, but whether 
by the mydwyfe her selfe, or by him, or by them both 
I doe not perfectly remembre. And so soon as this 
horrible facte was done, shee was commaunded to 
goe backe agayne to the gentlewoman, where she 
remayned all that day and by nighte was broughte 
backe agayne by those two men that broughte her 
thither, whoe sett her some myles distante from 
her house, but whether two myles or more I doe not 
remembre. And I demaundinge of her w"^ way shee 
wente in rydinge thither, shee aunswered that as shee 
supposed she wente faste by Dunington Parke, leavinge 
the said parke on her righte hande, and demaundinge of 
her by what houses she traveyled by, shee aunswered 
that shee traveyled by dyuers houses w*'.^ shee knewe 
not, and demaundinge ouver or throughe what waters 
shee passed, she aunswered shee passed over a greate 
and a longe bridge w"?" as shee tryly supposed was 
a bridge over the Thames, as by the water w*'^ passed 
throughe the said bridge beinge very greate shee dyd 

" By me Anthonte Bridges." 



" And after this, the seid Erie required of me to 
knowe whether I had att any tyme heretofore made 
relacon thereof before Wm. Darell, and I answered 
that I had. The seid Erie demanded then howe the 
said William did loke, and what he said. Whereupon 
finding him maliciouslie bent against the said William 
Darell, I shortlie after declared the same to the said 
William, and did sett downe the speche of the said 
Mother Barnes in suche manner as I did deliver it 
unto the said Erie under my hande writinge as above 

The following letter from Bridges to Darrell refers, 
presumably, to the same subject. 

"My good Cosen, 

"I commende me hartily unto you, being 
very sory that my happ was not to be at home when 
you were laste at my house, for I am w*^ childe to 
speake w*? you as well for myne owne matter of twentye 
poundes as also for other matters w**?* you wyll wonder 
to heare, and yet I suppose they concerne youre selfe. 
I have byn of late amongeste craftye crowders whoe 
walked w*? me on parables a longe tyme, and cowlered 
theyre doinges w*^ suttell sophistrye, still gropinge 
and undermininge me in matters of greate importance, 
yea, as great as may be to those partyes to whome they 



" Wild " 


dyd apperteyne, but I at the firste perceaved theyre 
inglynge, and gave theyre doinges in the beginnige 
suche a dashe, that they seemed therew*?' alle utterly 
discomfited, being as they said, a commissioner chose 
for them. The matter feare you not yf it be no worse 
then I knowe, ther was a partye named whome the 
said matter dyd concerne, othorwyse then a gentleman 
dwellinge within three myles of my house, but I 
perceaved theyi*e fetche was not to have me a com- 
missioner, but a deponente yf they coulde have gotten 
any thinge from me that mighte have made for theyre 
purpose. I wyll tell you alle the substance of the 
matter (as I conjecture) at oure nexte meetinge, but 
the partyes I may not name. 

" I am nowe rydinge towardes Hampshyre in 
earneste busines, and doe mynde, God willinge, to 
be at Ludgarshalle this nighte at bed, where my busi- 
nes is suche that I must remayne thies three dayes as 
I suppose, and in my retorne I wyll God wyllinge see 
you at Lyttlecote. My wyfe is ah*eady rydden towards 
Ludgershall. This I committ yow to Almighty God 
from Shefforde, the xxiiij'^l' of Julye 1578. 

" Yom-e lovinge Cosen, 
and assured frende to commende, 
[Endorsed] " Ai^thonye Bridges. 

" To the Righte worshipfulle, 
my very lovinge cosen WyUiam Darrell, Esquier, geve 
this at Lyttlecote w*?" speede." 



Here is a letter, recently discovered at Longleat, 
from Sir Henry Knyvett, of Charlton, to Sir John 
Thynne, of Longleat : — 

" Syr, 

" I besetch you lett me crave so much favour 
of you as to procure your servant Mr. Bonham, 
moste effectually to examin his sister, tochinge her 
usage att Willm Dorrell's, the berth of her children, 
howe many they were, and what becam of them. She 
shall have no cawse off feare trulie, to confess the 
uttermost, for I will defend her from aU perill howe 
so ever the case fall owte. The brute of the murder 
of one of them increaseth fowlely, and theare falleth 
owte such other heyghnous matter against him as 
will toche him to the quick. 

" From Charlton this ijth of January 1578. 

" Your loving friend, 

" H. Knyvett. 

" To the right worshipful and my very lovinge 
friend, Syr John Thynne, Kyght, Geve this." 

It will be noted that Mother Barnes, who deposes 
that the message which summoned her from her 
house was represented as coming from Lady Knyvett, 
does not say that she was blindfolded, but that after 
leaving her house and being on horseback for several 
hours in the night, she found herself in the early 


morning at another house, and that the lady whom she 
had to attend was masked. She does not say what 
house this was, and she does not appear to have 
known. Her deposition gives the fullest particulars 
of the atrocity committed, but fails to identify Little- 
cote as the house, or " Wild " Darrell as the criminal. 

Tradition certainly connects Mother Barnes's story 
with Darrell and Littlecote; and also suggests that 
Littlecote came into the hands of Popham as the 
price of his entering — as Attorney- General — a nolle 
prosequi to a charge of child-murder against Darrell. 

On the other hand there appears to be no conclusive 
evidence to corroborate this tradition in either respect, 
and it is quite certain that Popham helped Darrell out 
of such a maze of other difficulties that (putting aside 
all suggestion of a child murder, and of a nolle 
prosequi) he did quite enough to have earned the 
reversion of Littlecote. 

Amidst much that is mysterious it is clear that 
Popham succeeded Darrell in the possession of Little- 
cote, on the death of the latter in 1589 ; but what 
was the price paid, and whether it were in money 
or in kind, are questions which, though asked by 
the Wiltshire gossips 300 years ago, still remain 

But though Darrell got out of prison his enemies 
attacked all who were known to favour his cause, 



and he wrote to Ms fellow justices to warn them 
that the position could not be strained further without 

He was, however, making good his retreat; for 
he was in communication with his friends at Court, 
and was preparing to buy the assistance which he 
could not otherwise obtain. 

He secured the good of&ces of his kinsman. Sir 
Thomas Bromley, the Lord Chancellor, by an offer 
recorded below, an offer that was repeated soon 
afterwards, upon Sir Thomas Bromley's death in 1587, 
to Sir John Popham, the Attorney- General, who had 
already rendered Darrell great services in his innumer- 
able lawsuits. Here is the offer to Sir Thomas 
Bromley, expressed in a letter from Darrell to his 
cousin, Reynold Scriven. 

"... But for that I may not be ungrateful 
for things passed And to have him my good and 
Indyfferent Lorde if it may be, I pray yo"" move, and 
as yo" may, lett fall in substaunce this. I have a 
maner standinge in good sorte w*? one of the Realme 
of 300?. by the yeare in every condition wel to be 
liked. This will I convey to my Lorde And mr. Harry 
Bromley that hath maryed my kinswoman & to his 

eyers in such sorte as I now have it of that valewe if 




" " I dy w^l'out heyer male of my body begotten. And 
""^^ ' that this I will do I do not sett it downe only in letter 
but I will also enter into covenant or be bound in 
statute of for the doinge of it, w^^ this conditen 
added to it more ; that if I fortune to have eyer of 
my body Then shall my Lord on M merkes payd him 
or his w*Hn thre yeares after or ells shall he or his 
have so muche payde after my death w^l'in one year 
as from a frind ; this in choyse." 

He also secured the interest of Sir Francis 

At last Lord Pembroke pressed for his promised 
ransom. The alternative was imprisonment upon 
a private bond ; for Lord Pembroke had only issued 
his threatening notices through the mouth of ser- 
vants, and Darrell had but his own copy of the cor- 
respondence wherewith to support an improbable 
tale. Darrell answered that " He was a freeman, 
and subject to none but the prince, to whom my 
lord was subject as well as he." To a second com- 
munication, still more threatening, he returned word 
" that he would pray for his lordship." He was, 
indeed, reduced to great straits for money, but he 
was still the lord of thousands of acres upon the 
famous downlands of three fertile southern counties. 



He fled to Court, and there his friends stood him 
in good stead. 

The great lawyers of the day busied themselves 
with his affairs, pushed his business through, and 
curbed his rashness. The Secretary of State, at 
the same time, hastened to extend to " his very loving 
friend " the benefit of his immediate protection. He 
spoke fair words to the enemies of his proUg^^ chief 
of whom was Pembroke, but made them understand 
that they must relinquish their pursuit, and stayed 
extreme proceedings on either side. 

Almost immediately a new opportunity seemed to 
offer itself for Darrell's energies. The Armada 
threatened England, and men and horses were pressed 
into her defence from every shire. Darrell caught 
the martial fever of the hour, and made offers of 
personal assistance, beyond his own liabilities, to his 
new friend the Secretary. His zeal was represented 
favourably to the Queen, and was rewarded by an 
invitation to present himself in defence of Her 
Majesty's person, in immediate attendance upon his 
patron. The latter also required the officers of the 
Crown for Darrell's own district to dispense with the 
levies required of that gentleman in consideration 
of his present services ; for Darrell had agreed to 
undertake the equipment of the cornet of horse which 
Walsingham had thought it incumbent on himself 
to furnish towards the national defence. 



Thus it was that "Wild " Darrell became a courtier. 
When the excitement of the Armada had died away, 
he found enough to occupy him in London, where 
henceforward he spent the best part of his time. And 
certainly he had managed to connect his name with 
some of the most intricate cases of the day. His 
matters had come before every permanent Court in 
the kingdom — in the Chancery, the King's Bench, 
the Exchequer, the Common Pleas, the Com'ts of 
Wards and Liveries, Requests, and Star Chamber, 
the Spmtual Com'ts, and even were the subject of 
discussion in the Council Chamber and the Presence. 

In the years 1, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 24, 27, 29, 
and 30 Elizabeth twenty-two suits were brought by 
Darrell against upwards of fifty defendants in the 
Com't of Star Chamber. He appeared at the County 
Assizes, County Com*t, and Quarter Sessions ; and 
his steward, and his agents, as his representatives 
in the various Manor Com'ts of his estate, always 
had their hands full. 

Among "Wild" Darrell's correspondents was his 
cousin. Sir Marmaduke Darell (a descendant of the 
Darells of Calehill, and styled in his epitaph " Servant 
to Queen Elizabeth in her Wars by sea and land, and 
Cofferer to James and King Charles I."). One of 
his letters gives an account of the execution of Mary 
Queen of Scots, at Fotheringay Castle, at which he 
was present as an eye-witness. 



•• Wild" 

Marmadtjkb Darell to William Darrell. Darren. 

" The conveniencye of this messenger w*? the 
newes w"}" this place dothe presentlye yelde ; occasion- 
ethe me to trouble yo'^ w*? theis few lynes. I doubte 
not but w*!" yo?, as well as in the contrie hereaboutes ; 
there hathe bene of late sondrye straunge rumors 
bruted concerninge the Sco : Queene prisoner here ; 
w*'? all, as they have bene hitherto untrewe ; so now yt 
is most true, that she hathe endured that fatall stroke 
this dale, that will excuse her from beinge accessarye 
to any like maters that may happen henceforthe. 

"Between x and xj of the clocke this present 
Thursdaie, she was beheaded in the hall of this castle ; 
there being present at y* as Comissionfs, onely the 
Earle of Shewsbiu'ye and the Earle of Kente ; fowre 
other Earles were joyned w*!" them in the Oomission, 
but came not. The sherive of this shere. Si: Rich: 
Knightlye, S- Edwarde^ Mountague, w'!" div^s other 
gentlemen of good accompte, wer also here at the 
execucon. Touchinge the manner of yt, all due order 
was most carefully observed in yt; she her selfe 
endured yt (as wee must all truely sale that were eye 
wittnesses) w*? great courage, and shewe of magnani- 
mitye, albeit in some other respectes she ended not 
so well as ys to be wished. The order for her funerall, 
ys not yet determined uppon ; but wilbe very shortlye ; 

« Wild " 


as also for her people, who (wee thinke) shalbe safelye 
conducted to their native contries. Thus have yo° 
brieflie, that w*?* wilbe no doubte very shortlie reported 
unto you more at large. In the meane tyme I beseche 
yo" accepte in good pte this small shewe of my duetifull 
remembraunce of yo^' And so w*^ my humble comen- 
drcons I leave yo'^ to the merciful ptection of the 

ffrom ffotheringaie castle this 
viij*f of ffebruarye 1586. 

" Yo^ poore kinsman to comaunde 
[Endorsed] Mar: Darell." 

" To the right woorsliipp" Wi Willm. Darell Esquire 
at his house at Littlecott." 

Darrell, during his sojourn in London, occupied a 
house in Warwick Lane (a narrow thoroughfare which, 
jointly with Ave Maria Lane, connects Newgate 
Street with Ludgate Hill, running across the bottom 
of Paternoster Row), but, though humbly lodged, 
fared sumptuously at his table. Littlecote was a long 
day's ride (sixty-eight miles) from London, by easy 
stages it took three days, yet its owner contrived to 
have nearly all the delicacies of the country sent to 
him from there. Throughout the summer there were 
always two, at least, of the local " talent " engaged 
in fishing the Kennet, and baskets of fresh " trowtes " 



were sent to London by express messengers. Besides 
these "fesant netts" were used, and in May! The 
home dove-cot furnished countless " pigeon-pies," 
twelve of which were delivered at Holborn Bridge 
on one occasion; and venison, rabbits, chickens, 
" grene gese," and other poultry were sent up in 
abundance. And there were strawberries, but these 
Cornelius, the Dutch gardener, supplied with a 
niggardly hand. 

On the 14th of July, 1589, DarreU left London 
on a visit to Littlecote. The party supped at 
Hounslow on that day; on the 15th they dined at 
Maidenhead, and supped at Reading; and on the 
16th they dined at Newbury, and rode on to Littlecote. 
The steward paid the reckonings by the way, which 
were as foUows : — 

Charges of coming down, viz. : 

Supper at Houndslow, July l^*? 

. lOf 


Horsemeat there . 

. 7? 

Dyner at Maydenhedd, July 15*?" 

. 15^ 


Horsemeat there . 

. 4! 


Supper at Reading 

. 13? 

Horsemeat there . 

. 6? 


Dyner at Newbury, July 16*^ 

. 8^ 


Horsemeat there . 

. 3? 


Poor people at Newbury 


A poor man at Spene 



£3 9 



Darrell died on October 1st following, in Ms forty- 
ninth year, according to local tradition, of a faU 
from his horse, while riding over what is stiU known 
as " Darrell's stile." 

Popham had an agent on the spot, who seized 
the papers of the deceased, and despatched them to 
London, there to await the arbitration promised 
between the respective claims of the Attorney- General 
and the Secretary of State. 

The following letter from Popham's agent describes 
what happened after Darrell's death. 

William Rede to Miles Sandys. 

" S% So it is that at Attornies last beinge in 
Wilteshire, at a place called Littlecot, sometyme 
belonginge to WiUm Darrell Esquier deceased, 
but now to Attorney, my happe in the absence 
of M". Attornie upon the deth of Darrell to 
gether all suche evidences as was in the house of 
Littlecote into my possession to Attornies use. 
And since that tyme it dothe appeare that S^ Fraunces 
Walsingham dothe pretend title to some or other 
of the landes of the said M. Darrell wherof no parte 
dothe appertaine to M. Attornie. And that the evy- 
dences as well concerninge that which M. Attornie 


is to have in righte ^ dothe enjoye, as also 
these landes that S- Frances Walsingham dothe 
pretend title unto, did remaine in the house of 
Littlecott at the tyme of M"" Darrell's decease which 
evidences are conveyed to London, already in 
greate chestes. But the keys of these chestes 
were lefte withe me, aswell by Atornie, as 
by one Stubbes gent, that was appointed in 
the behaulfe of Fraunces Walsingham safdie 
^ indifferentlie to be kepte tyl the tyme should be 
appointed, by Mr Secretarye that the chestes should 
be opened ^ the evidences perused, aswell for M. 
Secretorye as for Attornie. Since which tyme I 
I have receaved letters from M"^ Attornie, that 
Secretoryes pleasure is with the assent of M'' Attornie, 
to have the evidences perused with all spede. And 
for as much as I shall not have occasion to be at 
London these sixe or seaven daies, Mr Attorney hath 
craved me to send the said keyes forthwith enclosed 
in my letters to some gentleman of the benche of the 
Middle Temple whereby they maye be hadd with 
some spede to perfourme Mr Secretoryes expectacion. 
Amongest the which I have made choyse of you for 
that you are Mr Attornies frend ^ myne also Desiringe 
you to acquaint Mr Attornie therewith ^ that then 
the same maye be safilie delyvered, according to the 
trust to me comitted — ^And so with my hartie comen- 
dacions, your helth wished, I committ you to the 



government of the Almightie. From Chisbm-ie the 
xxj*f* of October 1589. 

" Yo' frjud assuryd, 
[Endorsed] "William Rede. 

" To the Ryght worshipfull 
Myles Sandys Esquyar 
at his chambers in the 
Middell Temple yn London 
Geve thes." 

This was the end of the Darrells of Littlecote, 
and in the county ruled by Pembroke, the birthplace 
of the "Arcadia," there was soon a new magnate, 
by whom Queen Elizabeth was invited to visit the 
lost home of her unfortunate kinsman. 

'« Wild 


Chief John Popham, who succeeded Darrell in possession 
Tustwe q£ Littlecote, in 1589, was descended from an old 


Norman family settled at Popham, a hamlet in 
Hampshire, early in the twelfth century. 

Leland says of the family in his Itinerary : 

" There was one of the Pophams that had this 



Stile by Offices Chauncelar of Normandy, Capitaine ^^'^f 
ofVernoile, of Perche, of Susan and Bayon. Tresorer 
of the Kinges Housold. He lyith in the Charter 
House Chirch in London. The first Nobilitating 
of the Pophams, as it is said, was by Matilde 
Emperes, Doughter to Henry the firsts, and by 
Henry the 2. her Sunne." 

The estate of Huntworth, in Somersetshire, was 
acquired by marriage in the reign of Edward I. ; 
and there John, the future Chief Justice, was born, 
about the year 1531, being the second son of 
Alexander Popham of that place, by his wife Jane, 
the daughter of Sir Edward Stradling, of St. Donat's 
Castle, Glamorganshire. 

It is related of Sir John Popham by Lord Campbell, 
in his Lives of the Chief Justices^ that " while yet a 
child he was stolen by a band of gipsies, and re- 
mained some months in their society," and that " his 
captors had disfigured him, and had burnt on his left 
arm a cabalistic mark, which he carried with him to 
the grave." 

His elder brother, Edward, succeeded to the family 
estates ; but he was sent to Balliol College, Oxford, 
where he was studious, and laid in a good stock 




of classical learning and dogmatic divinity. When, 
however, he removed to the Middle Temple, that 
he might qualify himself for the profession of the 
law, he is said to have got into bad company, and 
neglected his judicial studies. Tradition would also 
have us believe that he frequently sallied forth at 
night from a hotel in Southwark, with a band of 
desperate characters, and that planting themselves 
in ambush on Shooters' Hill they stopped travellers, 
and took from them their money and valuables. 

Aubrey ascribes his reformation to the influence 
of his wife (Amy, daughter of Robert Games, of 

" For several yeares he addicted himself but little 
to the studie of the lawes, but profligate company, 
and was wont to take a pm'se with them. His wife 
considered her and his condition, and at last prevailed 
with him to lead another life, and to stick to the studie 
of the lawe, which, upon her importunity, he did, 
beeing then about thirtie yeares old. He spake to 
his wife to provide a very good entertainment for 
his camerades to take his leave of them, and after 
that day fell extremely hard to his studie, and profited 
exceedingly. He was a strong, stout man, and could 
endure to sit at it day and night." 



Fuller, in his Worthies, says of him : — cAic/ 


" In his youthful days he was as stout and skilful 
a man at sword and buckler as any in that age, 
and wild enough in his recreations. But, oh, if Quick- 
silver could really be fixed, to what a treasure would 
it amount. Such is wild youth seriously reduced to 
gravity, as by this young man did appear. He 
applied himself to more profitable fencing — the study 
of the laws." 

It is in Wiltshire that we find Popham early 
exercising his legal abilities; and, after a time, he 
was consulted in almost all Darrell's difllculties. 
His family was related of old to the Darrells, of 
Littlecote. Young George Darrell, William Darrell's 
cousin, and early housemate, was probably a fellow- 
student with Popham at the Temple. Besides this, 
Popham's grandfather had married the sister (co- 
heiress with her) of the wife of one of the Blounts 
of Gloucestershire. There had been a law-suit about 
the property thus claimed from the Pophams' grand- 
mother, the latter family claiming the whole. There 
was also a mysterious connexion between these same 
Blounts and the DarreUs of Littlecote. A Blount 
was in disputed occupation of some of Sir Edward 
Darrell's property; a Blount was settled at Chilton 
Foliat; and it was a Blount of whose murder Wild 

Darrell was afterwards accused of being an accessory. 


Chief Another Wiltshire ally was the Earl of Pembroke. 


Popham. Popham had interests at Salisbury, and had married 
a Glamorganshire heiress (Amy, daughter of Robert 
Games, of Caselton), a county in which Pembroke 
was paramount, and where Darrell also seems to have 
had some property in mines. 

Popham was nominated Reader at the Temple in 
1568, when he was thirty- seven years old; and he 
became Treasurer twelve years afterwards. In the 
interval between these two dates he had obtained, as 
Member for Bristol, a seat in Parliament, where, 
in 1571, when the subsidy was under discussion, he 
joined with Mr. Bell (the future Chief Baron) in 
calling for the correction of some abuses, and pointed 
out the evil of allowing the Treasurers of the Crown 
to retain in their hands " great masses of money," 
of which, becoming bankrupt, they only paid an 

In the next year he was one of the committee 
appointed to confer with the Lords on the subject 
of the Queen of Scots. He was called to the degree 
of the coif on January 28th, 1578 ; and in the following 
year, when Sir Thomas Bromley was promoted to 
be Lord Chancellor, he was offered the place of 
Solicitor-General. This office being inferior in rank 
to that of a serjeant-at-law, he resorted to the 
unusual expedient of unserj canting or discoiflng 
himself, obtained a patent exonerating him from 



the degree of serjeant, and was thereupon appointed ^^^f 
Solicitor- General on June 26th, 1579. Popham, 

While holding that office he was elected Speaker 
of the House of Commons in January, 1581 ; and 
some idea may be formed of the lightness of parlia- 
mentary labours during that session, by his reply to 
Queen Elizabeth, when, on his attending her on some 
occasion, she said, " Well, Mr. Speaker, what hath 
passed in the Lower House?" he answered, "If it 
please your Majesty, seven weeks." 

On June 1st, 1581, he became Attorney- General, 
and held that office for eleven years, dmnng which 
he took part in all those criminal trials, the perusal 
of which, even where the guilt of the prisoner is 
most apparent, cannot but rouse feelings of wonder 
at the injustice of the proceedings. 

Popham was present at Fotheringay during the 
trial of the Queen of Scots, but did not interfere much 
in the proceedings, as the part of public prosecutor 
was acted in turn by Lord Chancellor Bromley, Lord 
Treasurer Burleigh, and Vice-Chamberlain Hatton, 
who were sitting as her judges. 

When poor Secretary Davison (intended to be the 
scapegoat for the sins of all concerned in her death) 
was brought before the Star Chamber, Popham 
enlarged on the enormity of his offence in sending 
off the warrant for her execution without the Queen's 
express orders, although she had signed it, and it 


had passed the Great Seal by her authority, and 
with her approbation. 

His elevation to the office of Lord Chief Justice 
of the King's Bench took place in June, 1592, when 
he was knighted. He presided in that court for 
the fifteen remaining years of his life — eleven under 
Queen Elizabeth, and four under King James. 

On Sunday, the 8th of February, 1601, when 
Elizabeth, in her palace at Whitehall, was informed 
that the young Earl of Essex had madly fortified 
his house in the Strand, and had planned an insurrec- 
tion in the City of London, she immediately ordered 
Chief Justice Popham to accompany Ellesmere, the 
Lord Keeper, and summon the rebels to surrender. 
They went unattended, except by their mace-bearers. 
Essex having complained of ill-treatment from his 
enemies, the Chief Justice said calmly, " The Queen 
will do impartial justice." He then, in the Queen's 
name, required the forces collected in the court-yard 
to lay down their arms, and to depart, when a cry 
burst out of " Kill them ; kill them." 

Lord Essex rescued them from violence, but locked 
them up in a dungeon, while he himself sallied forth 
in hopes of successfully raising the standard of 
rebellion in the City of London. After being kept 
in solitary confinement till the afternoon, Popham 
was offered his liberty on condition that the Lord 
Keeper should remain behind as a hostage; but the 



Chief Justice refused to depart without his com- ^^'^f 
panions in confinement, saying "as they came p^^ji^ 
together, so would they go together, or die together." 
At length, upon news arriving of Essex's failure in 
the City, they were liberated, and made good their 
retreat to Whitehall in a boat. 

The trial of Essex coming on before the Lord 
High Steward and Court of Peers, Popham was both 
assessor and witness. First a written deposition, 
signed by him, was read, and then he was examined 
viva voce. His evidence was temperate and cautious, 
and afforded a striking contrast to the vituperation 
of Coke, the Attorney- General, and the sophistry of 
Bacon, who seemed to thirst for the blood of his bene- 
factor. Popham, though so severe against common 
felons, apparently felt some gratitude for the treat- 
ment he had experienced when in the power of Essex, 
and recommended a pardon, which would have been 
extended to him, if the fatal ring had duly reached 
the hands of Elizabeth. 

One of his earliest duties, after the accession of 
James, was to preside at the trial of Sir Walter 
Raleigh, for being concerned in the plot to place 
Lady Arabella Stuart on the throne, a trial stained 
not only by a conviction founded on weak and unsatis- 
factory evidence, but also by the conduct towards the 
prisoner of Sir Edward Coke, for which the Chief 
Justice felt himseK called upon to apologise, saying to 



chwf gjj. Walter, " Mr. Attorney speaketh out of the zeal 
Popham. of his duty for the service of the King, and you 
for your life ; be valiant on both sides." 

Raleigh was found guilty, and sentence of death 
was then pronounced, but his life was spared for 
the present, and the task was reserved for another 
Chief Justice, after the lapse of many years, to 
award that the sentence should be carried into 

The last State trials over which he presided were 
those of the conspirators in the Gunpowder Plot, 
finishing with that of Garnet the Jesuit, in March, 1606. 

He is reported to have been a severe judge, and, 
according to Fuller, to have recommended James 
to be more sparing in his pardons to the malefactors 
who then infested the highways. This author adds, 
" In a word, the deserved death of some scores 
preserved the lives and livelyhoods of more thousands, 
travellers owing their safety to this judge's severity 
many years after his death." 

David Lloyd, in his State Worthies, gives him 
credit for having " first set up the discovery of Kew 
England to maintain and employ those that could 
not live honestly in the Old ; being of opinion that 
banishment thither would be as well a more lawful 
as a more effectual remedy against these extrava- 
gancies." And Aubrey says, " He stockt and 
planted Virginia out of all the goales of England." 



Neither of these accounts is quite correct; the 
truth being that, having associated himself with Sir popft«» 
Ferdinando Gorges (the knight who released him 
from Lord Essex's house) in a speculation for the 
establishment of a colony in North America, a patent 
was granted to them and to several others ; but 
whatever might have been his intentions as to trans- 
portation, the Chief Justice does not appear to have 
lived to see them carried into effect. 

In 1863 the Historical Society of Maine, U.S.A., 
published a memorial volume of the Popham Celebra- 
tion in August 29th, 1862, which commemorated the 
planting of the Popham Colony on the peninsula of 
Sabino, August 10th, 1607. 

George Popham was the captain of a ship called 
The Gift of God, which in company with another ship 
called The Mary and John, commanded by Raleigh 
Gilbert, sailed from Plymouth for New England, May 
31st, 1607, with 120 persons. 

After exploring the coast and islands of New 
England they landed on an island, which they called 
St. George, on Sunday, August 9th, 1607, where they 
heard a sermon delivered by the Rev. R. Seymour. 

August 15th they entered a river called Saga 
Dahoe, and on the 19th they all went ashore and made 
choice of their plantation. After another sermon the 
commission was read, with the patent and the laws 
to be observed and kept. 


c/iie/ The Royal Ordinance, dated November 2(3tli, 1606, 

Justice t/ 7 7 7 

Popham. appointed, among others on the Council of Virginia, 
Sir Francis Popham (the son of the Chief Justice), 
and Sir Ferdinando Gorges. 

Another Royal Ordinance, dated March 9th, 1607, 
nominated — on the recommendation of the Southern 
Company — additional members of the Council of 
Virginia, including Sir Maurice Berkeley, Sir Oliver 
Cromwell, Sir Edward Hungerford, Sir John Mallet 
(a son-in-law of the Chief Justice), Sir John Gilbert, 
Sir Bartholemew Michell, Edward Seymour, Esq., and 
Edward Rogers (another son-in-law of the Chief 
Justice). This George Popham, who commanded the 
expedition, was the nephew of the Chief Justice 
and belonged to the elder branch of the family. He 
had been on a voyage to the West Indies in 1594. 
In 1606 he was appointed Governor of Popham 
Colony in New England. He died February 5th, 
1607/8, and was buried within the walls of his Fort, 
caUed Fort St. George. 

Sir John Popham, the Lord Chief Justice, died 
in June, 1607, aged 76, and was buried in the church 
at Wellington, in Somersetshire, leaving behind him 
the greatest estate that had ever been amassed by 
any lawyer. 




The present house of Littlecote is believed to have The House. 
been built between 1490 and 1520, in the place, though 
not on the site, of a more ancient building. 

In front of the gates, just to the west, is 
"Darrell's tree," which, the natives aflfirm, will 
flourish with the fortunes of the House. The iron 
entrance gates (which mark the site of the old gate- 
house, as shown in the picture over the fireplace 
in the Great Hall), and the sundial (which, on a fine 
day, tells us the time at "Isphan," "Aleppo," " Charles 
Town," &c., as well as at " Littlecot ") are worthy 
of notice. Over the doorway, on a shield decorated 
with good carving, are the arms of the Pophams. 
The elevations of the house, with sober brick front 
running up uninterrupted to the great eaves course, 
and its multitudinous gables on the north side, are 
absolutely and solely English. 

On entering the house is seen a glass window, 
dated 1533, representing St. Benedict (the two side 
windows are comparatively modern), and on turning 
to the left one enters 

The Great Hall, 

with its plaster ceiling, high windows on one side, 

and dark oak panelling all round. This ceiling is 



a good example of the purely English ceiling, with 
simple moulded ribs, worked in geometrical designs 
with pendants at the intersections. 

Noting the chief objects of interest, somewhat in 
chronological order, among the shields and devices on 
the windows (and the glass of the upper windows 
ought to be specially noticed) are the initials of 
Henry YIII. and Jane Seymour, with a little Cupid's 
head; Henry having been at Wulfhall close by with 
the Darrells' relatives, the Seymours, when he heard 
of the death of Anne Boleyn.* 

There are also to be noted a full-length portrait of 
Edward VI. (son of Jane Seymour, and great-great- 
grandson of Sir George Darrell, of Littlecote), and 
a portrait ( originally at Condover Hall ) of his 
uncle, Edward Seymour, afterwards the Protector 

Edward Seymour (created Viscount Beauchamp 
on the marriage of his sister Jane to Henry VIII., 
and soon afterwards Earl of Hertford) devoted him- 
self to soldiering, and in 1544 commanded an expedi- 
tion against the Scots, when he landed at Leith, and 
set fire to Edinburgh. On the death of Henry in 1547, 
who had named him one of his executors, he rose to 

* Jane Seymour was married to Henry VIII. 20 May, 1536 (the day after the 
beheading of her predecessor), at her father's house at Wulfhall. Owing to the 
plague then prevailing she was never crowned. She died 24 or 25 October, 1537, 
and was buried at St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 



great power, and was appointed Governor of the King, tjis House. 
and Protector of the Realm. In 1548 he obtained the 
post of Lord Treasurer, was created Duke of Somerset, 
and made Earl-Marshall. In the same year he in- 
vaded Scotland, and, having gained the battle of 
Musselburgh, returned in triumph to England. His 
success excited the jealousy of the Earl of Warwick 
and others, who first procured his confinement in 
the Tower, for a short time in 1549, on a charge of 
arbitrary conduct and injustice, and finally — two 
years afterwards — caused him to be again arrested 
on a charge of treasonable designs against the lives 
of some of the privy councillors. He was beheaded 
on Tower Hill, January 22nd, 1552. On this portrait 
are inscribed these verses : — 

" Of person rare, strong limbes & manly shape. 
Of nature framed to sarve on sea & land. 
Of Friendship firm in good state & ill hape, 
In peace heade and in ware skiU great boulde hande. 
On horse on fote in periU or in playe 
None coulde excel though many did asaye. 
A subject true to Kinge and sarvant greate 
Frind to Gods truth enimy to romes deceate 
Sumptuose abroad for honour of the lande 
Temperate at home yet keapte greate state 
And gave more mouthes more meate 


Then some advanst one higher steps to stand. 

Yet against nature reason and just lawes 

His blood was spilt justless without just cause." 

At the foot of the portrait of Edward VI. is a 
document, dated Oatlands, July 13th, 1552, under his 
sign-manual, and signed also by William, 1st Marquis 
of Winchester (who was Lord Treasurer of England 
during the reigns of Edward YI., Mary, and Eliza- 
beth), — Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk (Lord High 
Constable of England), — William Parr, Marquis of 
Northampton (Captain of the Corps of Gentleman 
Pensioners), brother of Queen Katherine Parr, — 
Edward Clynton, afterwards created Earl of Lincoln 
by Queen Elizabeth (Lord High Admiral and Con- 
stable of the Tower of London), — Edward 1st Lord 
North, — Sir Edward Bowes (Master of the Rolls), — 
The Bishop of Ely (Thomas Goodrick), — Sir John 
Mason (Dean of Winchester), — Nicholas Wotten 
(Dean of Canterbury, Dean of York, and formerly 
Secretary of State), — and Sir Philip Hoby. Also 
note a letter, signed by Queen Elizabeth to Henry lY. 
of France, and dated October 17th, 1598. 

There are also an old Persian astrolabe, and an 
armillary sphere, dated 1602, fashioned under the 
Ptolemaic system, with the earth as the centre of 
the Universe. It is interesting to remember that 



the decree of Pope Paid V., in 1616, condemning Th^souse. 
the then new Copernican system, was not revoked 
tiU 1818, by Pope Pius VII. 

Then there are two stoneware "greybeards" (1594), 
the chair and thumbstocks of Chief Justice Popham, 
the silver mace that was carried before Charles I.'s Life 
Guards, two fine old "black jacks," a curious clock 
that requires winding but once a year, and the most 
obvious, and not the least interesting, thing in the 
haU, the long "shovel-board." There is also a fine 
bronze bust of Oliver Cromwell, which was originally 
at Hinton St. George. Essex, eldest daughter of 
Colonel Alexander Popham, married John, 3rd Lord 
Poulett, of Hinton St. George, 

The large equestrian portrait (4a)* at the west 
end of the haU (hung over a magnificent pair of 
Irish elk horns measuring 7 feet 6 inches from tip 
to tip) is known as that of Colonel Alexander PopJiam, 
son of Sir Francis Popham, and grandson of Chief 
Justice Popham. Like his father and his brother 
Edward, the eminent Parliamentary commander, he 
was an opponent of Charles I., and his retainers and 
yeomen are said to have worn those yellow leathern 
jerkins arranged round the waUs, which, since the 
fire at Warwick Castle, form the best collection of 

* This picture is labelled as described above. There are, in the long gallery, 
portraits of Alexander and Edward Popham ; and, to the impartial observer, this 
picture has a greater likeness to the latter than to the former. 





The House, guch tMngs cxtaiit. With these must be coupled the 
bandoleers, petronels, helmets, &c. ; while between 
the two arched openings at the eastern end hangs 
the armour said to have been worn by the Colonel 

Colonel Alexander Popham took an active part 
in the military transactions of the period, and 
sustained a siege of his house at Wellington, 
Somerset, by the King's forces. He afterwards 
assisted General Monk in restoring Charles II., and 
on February 23rd, 1659, was elected one of the Council 
of State, which took upon itself the administration 
of the Government between the dissolution of the 
Long Parliament and the restoration of the King. 
He obtained his pardon, and on September 21st, 1663, 
when Charles II. was making a "Royal Progress 
from London to Bath," " gave the King a costly 
dinner at Littlecot." 

In the Signet book in the Kecord Ofl&ce, December, 
1660, is the Pardon granted to Alexander Popham, of 
Littlecote, Wilts, Esq., subscribed by Mr. Solicitor, 
and signed by Mr. Secretary Morice. 

The father of John Locke, the philosopher, served, 
in Colonel Ludlow's troop of horse, under Colonel 
Alexander Popham, who interested himself in the 
education of the son, and was instrumental in sending 
him to Oxford. 



Drawing Koom. 

In the Drawing Room are portraits of: — 

(1a.) Chief Justice Popham. Perhaps a copy 
of the older picture — No. 1 — in the Long Gallery. 

( 8a. ) Letitia^ only daughter of Sir Francis 
Popham, K.B., of Littlecote, by his wife Helena, 
daughter of Hugh Rogers, of Cannington, Somerset. 
Letitia married Sir Edward Seymour, 5th Baronet, of 
Berry Pomeroy, and, by him, became the mother of 
Edward, who afterwards became 6th Baronet, and, 
in 1750, 8th Duke of Somerset. Sir Edward Sey- 
mour, 5th Baronet, was the great-great-great-great- 
great-grandson of Sir John Seymour, Kt. (who was 
the grandson of Sir George Darrell, of Littlecote, and 
the father of Jane Seymour, mother of Edward YL). 

(13.) Francis Popham, of Littlecote and Hun- 
strete, son of Edward Popham, M.P., and of his wife^ 
Rebecca Huddon. Married Dorothy, daughter of 
Mathew Hutton, Archbishop of Canterbury. Born 
1734, died 1780. 

(16.) William Leyhorne (by Romney), nephew of 
Francis Popham (No. 13), and brother of General 
Leyborne Popham. If the inscription, that he died 
in 1790 at the age of 17, is correct, he was General 
Leyborne-Popham's younger brother. 

( 17. ) Miss Leyhorne ( copy of a portrait by 
Romney), sister of No. 16. 


Th* Hcuee. There are also :— 

A portrait of George^ Lord Cobham; attributed 
to Holbein. 

7 A portrait, by Olouet, of Gahrielle de Bourbon, 
\ daughter of Louis de Bourbon, Due de Montpensier, 
Land wife of Louis IL, Prince de la Tremoille. 

A portrait labelled " Edward FJ., after Holbein." 
In Arehceologia, xxxix. 272, it is shown that "John 
Holbein, servant to the Bang's Majesty," died in 
1543; hence it follows that Edward YI. could not 
have been painted by him after the age of 6. 

This is probably a portrait of Thomas Howard, 
Earl of Surrey, by Guillim Stretes. Compare the 
picture at Hampton Court. 

A portrait of Nell Gwyn, by Yerelst. Verelst was 
a flower painter, but, though his portraits were in- 
ferior to his pictures of flowers, he became the fashion, 
and injured Lely. Walpole says that he was paid 
llOZ. for a half-length. 

Two portraits (William III., and Queen Mary), 
by Sir Godfrey Kjieller. 
tX-w-t / picture of St. Cecilia, by Dominichino. 

XifJ- p A portrait of a man, with a green background, by 

i>siU^ Clouet. 


The Conservatory, seen out of the drawing-room, 
was built (probably as an orangery) presumably about 



The House. 


In the Library the chief objects of interest are 
some old law books, annotated in the handwriting 
of Chief Justice Popham. 

The Dutch Parlour. 

The Dutch Parlour is interesting on account of 
the paintings on the walls, which are said to have 
been done by a Dutch Officer and other prisoners, 
who were confined at Littlecote during the Common- 

In Money's History of Newbury^ we are told that 
"In the course of the Dutch war, in which the 
Admirals Yan Tromp, De Ruyter, and De Witt were 
met by the Commonwealth leaders Blake, Deane, 
Monk, and Popham, a number of prisoners were 
taken and dispatched to various provincial towns. 
One hundred were sent to Newbury in April, 1653, 
and in the following November, John Birch, the 
Mayor, petitioned Parliament that the town might 
either be paid for the keep of the Dutchmen, or have 
them removed, as the inhabitants were sorely dis- 
tressed by this extra burden being laid upon them." 

It has been suggested that some of these prisoners 
were thereupon sent to Littlecote, and that the pic- 




tures on the walls of this Dutch Parlour (repre- 
senting scenes from Don Quixote and JSudihras) were 
painted by them. 

This may be true of the scenes from Don Quixote, 
which was published between 1605 and 1615 ; but the 
first part of Butler's Hndihras was not published 
till 1663, and the last part in 1678, some years after 
the date of the Dutch prisoners mentioned above 
being sent to Newbury. 

There is certainly a strong tradition that the pic- 
tures on these walls were painted by Dutch prisoners 
who were confined at Littlecote, so the probability is 
that they were prisoners taken in one of the naval 
battles in Charles II.'s reign, either off Harwich in 
1665, or at the mouth of the Thames in 1666, or off 
the coast of Holland in 1673. 

In the accounts of the Constable of Hungerford in 
1667 is the following entry, " Pd. 13 prisoners which 
came out of Holland 3^?." 

It is quite possible that these may have been the 
Dutch prisoners who came to Littlecote. 

Brigk Hall. 

The Brick Hall has a rough tiled floor, excellent 
old panelling, and overmantel, and is hung with old 
armour (mostly German). 



The House. 


The Chapel, which is an interesting example of 
ecclesiastical arrangements during the seventeenth 
century, has its pulpit — as is the case in all Presby- 
terian places of worship — in the place of the altar. 
There are very few private chapels in England 
arranged in this manner. 

August 4th, 1661. Philip, 4th Lord Wharton, 
married, at Littlecote, Anne, daughter of WiUiam 
Carr, and widow of Edward Popham (who had been 
buried in Westminster Abbey, 1651). 

"Anno Domini 1685. John, Lord SheflSeld, 3rd 
Earl of Mulgrave, Lord Chamberlayne of His Ma'ties 
houshold and Ursula Countess of Conway were 
married in Littlecott Chapell, March ye eighteenth." 

Lord Mulgrave was created by William III., in 
1694, Marquess of Normanby, and by Queen Anne, 
in 1703, Duke of Normanby, and, a fortnight after- 
wards, Duke of the County of Buckingham. 

Ursula, daughter of Colonel Stawel, was the widow 
of the 1st Earl of Conway (the son of Edward, 2nd 
Viscount Conway, and of his wife Frances, daughter 
of Sir Francis Popham, Kt. of Littlecote). 


The H<Mse. 

William of Oea^^ge's Rooms. 

Over the mantelpiece in the bedroom, which was 
occupied by William during his stay at Littlecote, is a 
large piece of tapestry, displaying his arms ; over the 
doors are his portrait, and that of Mary, engraved by 
Pieter van Gunst, after Brandon ; and there hangs in 
the room a long sampler, with figures and raised roses 
in relief, in which is worked the following inscription : — 
" The Prince of Orang landed in the west of England 
on the 5 of November 1688 and on the 11 of April 
1689 was crowned King of England and in the year 
1692 the French came to invade England and a fleet 
of ships sent by King William and drove them from 
the English seas and took sunk and burnt 21 of their 
ships. March the 26 1693, Martha Wright." 

The wardrobe should be noted as having probably 
been made out of an old bed. 

In the adjacent dressing-room is an old English 
four-poster, and a large piece of Flemish tapestry, 
after Teniers. 

William of Orange, on his advance from Salisbury 
to London, retired, after a conference with James's 
Commissioners at the Bear Inn, at Hungerford, to 
Littlecote, December 8th, 1688, where the following 
day, Sunday, December 9th, the Commissioners dined. 




As Macaulay tells us, a splendid assemblage had TheHcmse. 
been inAdted to meet them. The old hall was crowded 
with peers and generals. Halifax, Burnet, Notting- 
ham, Godolphin, Shrewsbury, and Oxford were among 
those who sat round the old table, and feasted, in- 
trigued, listened, or dallied with the crisis. In such 
a throng a short question and answer might be ex- 
changed without attracting notice. Halifax seized 
this opportunity, the first which presented itself, of 
extracting all that Burnet knew or thought. 

"What is it that you want?" said the dexterous 
diplomatist. " Do you wish to get the King into your 
power ? " 

"Not at all," said Burnet, "we would not do the 
least harm to his person." 

" And if he went away ? " said Halifax. 

" There is nothing," said Burnet, apprehending his 
meaning, " so much to be wished." 

James's Commissioners retired without having 
come to any settlement ; and very soon the King fled. 

On the 10th, William arrived at Newbury, and, on 
the following day, marched with the chief part of his 
Dutch troops and adherents, from Newbury towards 
Abingdon. The route taken was through the villages 
of Farnborough and West Ilsley, along the " Golden 
Mile " to Hendred, and thence to Milton House, where 
William slept, the troops being quartered in the neigh- 



Macaulay gives the following picturesque descrip- 
tion of the appearance of the Dutch and other troops 
composing the martial pageant which accompanied 
William : — 

" First rode Macclesfield at the head of two hun- 
dred gentlemen, mostly of English blood, glittering 
in helmets and cuirasses, and mounted on Flemish 
war-horses. Each was attended by a negro, brought 
from the sugar plantations on the coast of Guiana. 
. . . . Then, with drawn broadswords, came a squadron 
of Swedish horsemen in black armour and fur cloaks. 
They were regarded with a strange interest, for it was 
rumoured that they were natives of a land where the 
ocean was frozen, and where the night lasted through 
half the year, and that they had themselves slain the 
huge bears whose skins they wore. Next, surrounded 
by a goodly company of gentlemen and pages was 
borne aloft the Prince's banner. On its folds the 
crowd which covered the roofs and filled the 
windows read with delight that memorable inscrip- 
tion, ' The Protestant Keligion and the liberties of 

"But the acclamations redoubled when, attended 
by forty running footmen, the Prince himself appeared, 
armed on back and breast, wearing a white plume and 
mounted on a white charger. . . . Near to the Prince 



was one who divided with him the gaze of the multi- 
tude, . . . the great Count Schomberg, the first soldier 
in Europe, since Turenne and Conde were gone. . . . 
Then came a long column of the whiskered infantry 
of Switzerland, distinguished in all the Continental 
wars of two centuries by pre-eminent valour and 
discipline, but never till that week seen on English 
ground. And then marched a succession of bands 
designated, as was the fashion of that age, after their 
leaders, Bentinck, Solmes, and Ginkell, Talmash, and 
Mackay. . . . Kor did the wonder of the population 
diminish when the artillery arrived, twenty-one huge 
pieces of brass cannon, which were with difficulty 
tugged along by sixteen cart-horses to each." 

The following extracts, from the accounts of the 
Constables of Hungerford in the year 1688, afford 
interesting evidence of the disturbed condition of the 
neighbourhood at this time : — 

Gave y^ ringers when y^ prince of Denmark 

came by to Bath 00 01 00 

(This was the husband of the Princess 
Anne, daughter of James II., after- 
wards Queen of England.) 
Gave ffarmer Lovelook y^ high Constable for 

Aminicion money 00 12 9 



The Home, (jave ringers when princess of Denmark 

came back from Bath . . . . 00 01 00 

Pd. to Robert Rabnett and Mick Butler 
to guide souldiers to Ramsbury and 
see when they were coming . . 00 03 00 

Pd. Stephen Hellier and Will Rosier the 

train souldiers 02 00 00 

Pd. Edward Lucas he spent at y^ Globe 

with y" souldiers 00 01 00 

Pd. charge about souldiers . . . . 00 02 00 

Pd. John Stanton for journies about y^ 

souldiers . 00 01 00 

Pd. Robert Rabnett for going to Newbery 

about y^ souldiers 00 02 00 

Pd. him for' going to Shefford . . . 00 01 00 

Pd. him for bringing back horses . . 00 00 09 

Pd. Robt. Coxhead for going to Newbery, 
Lambourn, and Faringdon to carry war- 
rants and fetch more pressed horses . 00 03 00 

Pd. Anthony Trayhorne for fetching back 

pressed horses and charges . . . 00 05 10 

Pd. William Clyford for a guid . . . 00 01 00 

Pd. him to goe to Newbery for a guid to 

souldiers 00 02 6 

Pd. Robert Ely for fetching back a horse 

beyond Reading 00 03 02 

Pd. John Barnett for fetching back 2 pressed 

horses from Newbery . . . . 00 02 00 


Pd. John Standen to go to Chilton in Vale 

for a guid 00 01 06 

Pd. a guid to Avinton 00 00 06 

Pd. John Coxhead for bringing back 

pressed horses 00 02 00 

Pd. Nich' Burche for fire for the guards . 01 05 00 
Pd. Thomas Robinson ffbr 40 ffaggotts for 
Watchmen when y^ report was y^ Irish 

were coming 00 05 00 

(A false report had been circulated 
that the disbanded Irish soldiers 
were approaching London, firing 
the houses, putting men, women, 
and children to the sword, and 
that no Protestant would find 
mercy. This was a scare, long 
remembered as the " Irish Night.") 

Pd. Edward Noyes for 8 ffaggotts 










Spent with the souldiers .... 




Pd. Will. Coxhead for a guide to Hamstead 

and fetchin Armes from Littlecot and 




(The Prince of Orange went from 

Hungerford to see Lord Craven's 
new house at Hampstead, near 



Th^ House. P(j. y> ringars when King was proclaimed 00 04 00 
Pd. John Garlick for candles for y° guids 
when Douglas reg q'tered in Town for 
1 dozen and a halfe at 4/4 per doz. . 00 06 06 
Pd. Will. Rosier for 6 Bandaleers bought 

at Newbery . . . . . . 00 02 00 

(These were little wooden cases to 
contain a charge of powder, to be 
hung on the shoulder belt, also 
called a bandoleer.) 

Ajtte-Chapel Chamber. 

In the Ante-Chapel Chamber is a curious and 
excellent piece of needlework, representing a large 
Roman tessellated pavement, which — discovered in 
1728 by Mr. George, the Littlecote steward — was 
unearthed two years later. The pavement measured 
41 feet in length by 33 feet in breadth, and seems 
to have formed the floor of a temple. It was com- 
pletely broken up soon after it was brought to light. 
The inscription on the needlework, made by the widow 
of Mr. George, tells us that the pavement was " sup- 
posed to be laid in the reign of Vespasian the Roman 
Emperor (there being several urns with his coins 
deposited in the waU)." It represented, among other 



devices, ApoUo in the centre, and female figures riding '^^ House. 
on animals emblematic of the four seasons. 

"This curious piece of antiquity has been since 
destroyed, but Mr. George made an exact draught of 
it on several sheets of paper, in which all the parts 
and figures were expressed in their proper colours. 
From this drawing his widow afterwards made a 
beautiful carpet in needle-work, reduced to the size of 
near one inch to a foot of the original. 

" Mrs. George setting up a boarding-school for 
young ladies after the death of her husband, employed 
some years in working this noble carpet, which she 
carried to Andover on removing from that place, and 
afterwards presented it to her benefactor, Mr. Popham, 
who got it engraved by Yertue." — Archceologia, 1787, 
Vol. VIII., page 98. 

On the west waU of the Ante-Chapel Chamber 
is an interesting picture, painted in tempera, and 
described by Dr. Waagen, in his " Treasures of Art in k") Kf ^ 
Great Britain," in 1854, as belonging to the "School * ^^^->-~«^ 

of Romagna," and proving "the influence of CriveUi i-nWXu. 
in this part of the country." 

" Nicola di Ancona. — The Virgin adoring the Child 
lying on her lap, while the Child is blessing the spec- 
tator. On the right St. Jerome pointing to the 
lion growling at the thorn in his paw, and another 
saint unknown to me [St. Leonard] ; on the left St. 
John the Baptist and St. Francis. A feeling of pure 



Th4ffouae. (Jevotion pervades the heads. The execution in the 
brownish flesh-tones is of admirable body. In the 
landscape and other portions the influence of Oosimo 
Tura, of Ferrara, is unmistakable. The upper portion 
has a gold ground. This hitherto almost unknown 
master has inscribed his work 'Opus Nicolai Mi 
Antonii de Ancona MCCOCLXXII.' 

" Colucci informs us that this picture, together with 
a lunette by Crivelli, was presented by the town of 
S. Fermo, to the little village of Porto S. Georgio on 
the Adriatic." 

Colucci, an antiquarian writer, lived at Fermo, in 
Romagna, about the middle and end of the 18th 

There are also hung here a lunette in the school 
of Crivelli ; a triptych by Bernard van Orley ; a 
picture of Our Lord and the woman of Samaria, 
(f^y^w.-, , ascribed to Dosso Dossi; a Flemish picture of St. 

' Veronica ; a Madonna and Child, ascribed to Lorenzo 

^ di Credi (compare the picture in the National Gallery); 
^^^^bl*^ ^ ^ picture (probably Spanish) of the head of Our 

'^^^'^■'^^ Lord and an Angel. 

Close by is a mirror with a needlework frame of 
the time of Charles II., illustrating subjects from the 
Old Testament. 



The House. 

Darrell Chamber. 

This chamber, and the fire-place in the adjacent 
Ante-Chapel Chamber, are said to have been the 
scenes of a crime which tradition has associated with 
Littlecote and "Wild" Darrell. See "The Littlecote 
Legend," page 43. 

Chief Justice Popham — who had good opportunities 
of knowing the truth of the story — put up the over- 
mantle in this room, which displays the shield of arms 
of his daughter Elizabeth, and of her husband. Sir 
Richard Champernoun. 

New Chamber. 
In New Chamber there is a very fine old bedstead. 

On leaving New Chamber a fine piece of fifteenth 
century Flemish tapestry should be noticed hanging 
on the staircase which leads up to Queen Elizabeth's 
Chamber. It was the custom for cartoons to be de- 
signed by well-known painters, which were copied in 
tapestry by the tapestry weavers, and several copies of 
the same subject were often made. 

B 2 


This piece of tapestry, which has been for a 
long time in England, is — with one or two trifling 
variations — similar to, and copied from the same 
cartoon as, the piece of tapestry, formerly in a 
celebrated collection in Paris, which has been thus 
described by M. Eugene Miintz (Gonservateur des 
Collections de I'Ecole National des Beaux-arts); "Dans 
une troisieme tenture, le Repos pendant la fuite en 
Egypte, il n'y a de place que pour I'eblouissement. 
Rien ne saurait rendre la splendeur de cette gamme, 
ou For alterne avec la cramoisi, la richesse de ce 
paysage dans lequel I'auteur, un Flamand pur sang, a 
accumule les notes les plus joyeuses, les motifs les 
plus pittoresques. Quel adorable tableau que celui de 
cette jeune mere serrant contre son coeur son fils, 
devant l^quel son p^re nomTicier s'incline avec une 
admiration touchante, en lui presentant une poire, 
tandis que dans les branches de I'arbre, au pied duquel 
repose la famiUe divine, les anges remplissent les airs 
de concerts celestes ! Des details aussi naifs que 
touchants compl^tent cette scene, qui serait admirable 
de tout point, n'etait la laideur de I'enfant Jesus : Pane 
broute tranquillement a cote de I'arbre ; des canards 
folatrent dans la source qui prend naissance au milieu 
des iris et des muriers sauvages ; les plantes les plus 
brillantes surgissent de tous cotes comme par en- 
chantement ; h cote de fraisiers en fleurs, on en voit 
d'autres qui sont charges de fruits, et dont la note 



d'un rouge vif se marie a merveille aux tons verts 
dores d'une vegetation luxuriante. Le fond du tableau 
est traite avec autant d'amour et de poesie ; des habi- 
tation riantes y alternent avec des rochers escarpes : 
ici, des champs de ble dans lesquels un moissoneur 
s'incline respectueusement devant les soldats envoyes 
a la poursuite des fugitifs ; ailleurs, une riviere formant 
d'innombrables replis jusqu'a I'endroit ou elle se perd 
dans les brumes de I'horizon." 

Queen Elizabeth's Chamber. 

Queen Elizabeth's Chamber is so-called from her 
arms, which are over the mantelpiece, and are believed 
to have been put up in anticipation, or in commemor- 
ation, of her visit to Chief Justice Popham. 

It may be interesting to note here the royal 
visitors who have been entertained at Littlecote : — 

1520. August 18th. Henry VIII. 

" The King again made progress into Berkshire in 
August, 1520, .... and on Saturday the 18th, lodged 
at * Mr. Darell's place,' at Littlecote." — Money's 
History of Newbury. 

1601. August. Queen Elizabeth. 

"Mr. John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton, 


House. 1601. On the 13th of August, the Queen came to 
Windsor, and is expected shortly at Mr. Comptroller's, 
at Causham. And so the Progress should hold as far 
as Littlecot, a house of the Lord Chief Justice, in 
Wiltshire. But there be so many endeavours to 
hinder it, that I will lay no great wagers of the pro- 
ceeding." — Mchols's Progresses of Queen Elizaheth. 

1603. September 5th and 6th. James I. and Anne 
of Denmark. 

" From the 1st to the 4th of September the King 
and Queen were entertained at Tottenham Park, the 
mansion of the Earl of Hertford ; and on the 5th 
and 6th they were the guests of Lord Chief Justice 
Popham, at Littlecote." — Nichols's Progresses of 
James I. 

1613. September. Anne of Denmark. 

" Queen Anne of Denmark was also at Newbury 
in 1613, while on a progress from Oatlands to Lord 
Hertford's, at Marlborough : on September 2nd halt- 
ing at Burghfield, and the next day at Aldermaston 
House; on the 4th Her Majesty dined with Sir 
Nicholas Fuller, at Chamberhouse Castle, Cookham, 

in the parish of Thatcham The same night she 

slept at Mr. Dolman's, at Shaw, where the Court re- 
mained over Sunday. On the Monday following the 
Queen dined at Mr. Choke's at Avington, and thence 
proceeded to Sir Francis Popham's, at Littlecote, 



where she stayed two days, and then left for Marl- The House. 
borough." — Money's History of Newhury, 

1663. August. Charles II. (and Katharine of 
Braganza ? ). 

"The King and Queen are very weU and much 
pleased with their journey. The King has taken very 
few servants along with him ; not any ofi&cer, nor any 
table, but his own, the Queen's, and my lady Suffolk's. 
His Majesty has been very much feasted by Colonel 
Popham and my Lord Seymom\" — Countess Dowager 
of Devonshire to Lord Bruce. September 1st, 1663. 
Ailesbury MSS. 

1663. September 21st. The Duke of York (after- 
wards James II.) 

" Pd. the ringers ffor ringinge when the Duke of 
Yorke passed through the Towne and lodged that 
night at Littlecott." — Hungerford Churchwardens' 
accounts, 1663. 

1688. December 8th and 9th. WiUiam, Prince of 

"WiUiam, on his advance from Salisbmy to 
London, retired, after conference with James's Com- 
missioners at Hungerford, to Littlecote, December 8th, 
where the following day, Sunday, December 9th, the 
Commissioners dined." — Macaulay's History of Eng- 
land, Vol. II., Chapter IX. 

C 2 




The House. 



The Staircase, leading up to the Dormitory, is 
made of solid blocks of oak, each forming a step ; and 
the Dormitory, over the Long Gallery and over the 
room adjoining, is said to have been the quarters of 
the Littlecote garrison during the civil wars in the 
time of Charles I. 

The Long Gallery. 

The Long Gallery, which is about 110 feet long, 
occupies a large part of the north side of the house on 
this floor. The panelling runs all round the gallery, 
and the plaster frieze above it is especially interesting, 
for it dates from pre-Popham times, and displays the 
Darrell lion, rampant armed langued and crowned. 
A close examination of the frieze reveals the letters 
W D, one on each side of the small lions in low relief; 
in one or two places distinct, but in others almost, or 
wholly, obliterated. Presumably they have been 
scraped off, and were the initials of William, or 
"Wild," Darrell. The ceiling is new, and takes the 
place of a ceiling that was probably put up in the 
early part of the nineteenth century. 



There is extant an inventory made in 1735, at the 
death of Francis Popham, of the contents of the 
house. It is headed as follows: — 

" A true and perfect Inventory of all and singular 
the Goods Chatties and Credits of Francis Popham 
late of Littlecote in the county of Wilts Esqr 
Deceased which were at the time of his death at 
Littlecote aforesaid as they were taken Valued and 
Appraized on the Eighth Day of October in the Year 
of our Lord One thousand Seven Hundred and 
thirty five by Lawrence Andrews and Thomas Baron 
as follows (to wit)." 

In this inventory what is now known as the Long 
GaUery was called " The Long Matted Gallery," and 

" Item thirty Pictures Forty two chairs with Workt 
Backs and Seats and Covers — To Ditto One India 
Chest, a Walnuttree Cabinet Two old Tables Two 
Carpetts Three Couches and Squabbs and PiUows a 
Settee and Two Chusions Covered with Silver Silk. 
A pair of Doggs and Fender and the Floor Matting." 

All these items were valued at 44Z. 14s. 6d. 

There are here many portraits of the Popham, 
and Leyborne-Popham, families, and it may be noted 




that, of the many members of these families who 
have owned Littlecote, from the time of the Chief 
Justice to the present day, only a few are not repre- 
sented by their portraits in this house. 

There are in the Long Gallery portraits of — 

(1.) Chief Justice Popham, Born 1531. Died 1607. 

(2.) Lady Pojyham. Wife of the Chief Justice ; 
daughter of Robert Games, of Castleton, Co. Gla- 

(3.) Anne Dudley (after A. Hilliard). Born 24 
February, 1574/5, daughter and heiress of John 
Dudley, of Stoke Newington, who was the son of 
Thomas Dudley, who was the son of Edward, Lord 
Dudley, by his second wife. Anne Dudley mar- 
ried Sir Francis Popham, Kt., of Littlecote (who 
was one of the Knights made before Cadiz by the 
Earl of Essex in 1596; M.P. for Great Bedwyn in 
1620, and for Chippenham in 1635, and died 1646), 
the son and heir of Chief Justice Popham; and the 
portraits of three of their sons, Alexander, Edward, 
and Hugh, are in this gallery. 

One of their daughters, Frances, married, about 
October, 1621, Edward, 2nd Baron (and afterwards 
2nd Viscount) Conway. She died June, 1671, aged 74, 
having survived her husband 16 years. 

Aubrey says of John (the eldest son of Sir Francis 



Popham, Kt.), who died in his father's lifetime, 1637, Th^sou^e. 
and married Mary, daughter of Sir Sebastian Harvey, 
Lord Mayor of London in 1618 : — 

" He was the greatest howse-keeper in England : 
would have at Littlecote 4 or 5 or more lords at a 
time. His wife (Harvey) was worth to him, I thinke, 
60000 li., and she was as vaine as he, and she sayed 
that she had brought such an estate, and she scorned 
but she would live as high as he did; and in her 
husband's absence would have all the woemen of the 
countrey thither, and feast them, and make them 
drunke, as she would be herself. They both dyed by 
excesse ; but by luxury and cosonage by their servants, 
when he dyed, there was, I thinke, a hundred thousand 
pound debt. 

" Old Sir Francis, he lived like a hog at Hownstret 
in Somerset, all this while with a moderate pittance. 

"Mr. John would say that his wive's estate was 
ill gott, and that was the reason they prospered no 
better: she would say that the old judge gott the 
estate unjustly, and thus they would twitt one another, 
and that with matter of truth." 

(4.) Portraits of — 

(a.) Colonel Alexander Popham^ second son and 
heir of Sir Francis Popham, Kt. 

D 2 


This is the same Colonel Alexander Popham, of 
Littlecote, whose equestrian portrait (No. 4a) is in 
the Great Hall. He was M.P. for Minehead, Bath, 
and Somersetshire successively ; a Commissioner for 
Martial Law in 1644 ; one of the Council of State in 
1650, a member of Cromwell's Upper House; in the 
Council of State in 1659-60 ; and, in the former year, 
one of the Army Committee. 

At the Restoration he not only made his peace, but 
was much in favour, with Charles II., who visited him 
at Littlecote in 1663. 

His first wife was Dorothy, daughter of Richard 
Cole, of Nailsea Court, Esq., whom he married at 
Nailsea, Co. Somerset, 29 October, 1635. She died 
2 April, 1643, and was bm'ied at the Mayor's Chapel, 
St. Mark's, Bristol. She had one son, who was buried 

His second wife, Letitia Carr, sister of Anne (the 
wife of his brother Edward), was buried at Stoke 
Newington, 27 April, 1660. 

He died in 1669, and was buried at Chilton Foliat. 
In his will he gives loving admonition to his children, 
and adds, " copies of my will to be sent to them, and 
they are to read it over once a month." 

He was succeeded by his son, Francis Popham, 
who was created a Knight of the Bath at the corona- 
tion of Charles II., and died 28 August, 1674. 

There is an interesting entry in the accounts of the 



Constable of Hungerford in the year 1673, referring to 
this Sir Francis Popham : " Pd. to Joseph Mackerill 
for carriage of Sr. ffrancis Popham foole to Littlecot 
— 2s. ; " a late instance of a professional " fool," or 
jester, being attached to a private household. 

(b.) Letifm, his second wife, daughter of William 
Carr, of Linton and Sunlaws (Groom of the Bed- 
chamber to James I. and Charles I.), and of their 
three daughters, 

(o.) Essex^ who married, as his first wife, John, 
3rd Lord Poulett, of Hinton St. George, and was, by 
him, mother of two daughters, Catherine, who married 
William, Lord Lempster ; and Letitia, who married Sir 
William Monson, Bart., of Broxbourne, Co. Hertford. 

(d.) Letitia^ who married (as his second wife) Sir 
Edward Seymour, 4th Bart., of Berry Pomeroy, and 
was, by him, mother of Popham Seymour (see Ko. 5). 
This Sir Edward Seymour was " the head of a strong 
Parliamentary connection called the Western Alliance, 
the leader of the Protestant Tories in the House of 
Commons," and, according to Macaulay, " one of the 
most skilful debaters and men of business in the 
Kingdom." He was unanimously elected Speaker in 
1673, and had the credit of being the first country 
gentleman who was ever called to the chair, till then 
invariably occupied by a lawyer. 

At the Revolution he went to meet the Prince 
of Orange at Exeter, and William, intending to be 




very civil, received Mm with the words, " I think. Sir 
Edward, that you are of the family of the Duke of 
Somerset." Seymour, one of the proudest of men, 
instantly corrected him. " Pardon me, Sir," he said, 
"the Duke of Somerset is of my family." 

This pride of place as the head of the house never 
forsook him. When Queen Anne, of whose household 
he was the Comptroller, offered him a peerage in 1703, 
he would accept it only for his younger son, Francis 
(created Lord Conway, ancestor of the Marquess of 
Hertford), preferring for the elder son the slender 
chance — then apparently remote — of succeeding to his 
ancestral dukedom. Yet within fifty years this im- 
probable event had come to pass, and the title devolved 
upon his grandson, the 6th Sir Edward Seymour, 
Bart., of Berry Pomeroy, who thus became 8th Duke 
of Somerset, and whose mother was Letitia, only 
daughter of Sir Francis Popham, K.B., of Littlecote. 
(See 8a. in the drawing-room, page 79.) This Sir 
Edward Seymour, 4th Bart., was the great-great- 
great-great-great-grandson of Sir George Darrell, 
of Littlecote. 

(e.) Anne, who married William Ashe, of Heyts- 
bury, Wilts : and was, by him, mother of Letitia, who 
married Thomas Penruddocke, of Compton. 

(4b.) Colonel Alexcmder Popham, by Cooper. 

(4c.) Portrait of a lady. Possibly the first wife, 
Dorothy Cole, of Colonel Alexander Popham. 



(5.) Mr. PopJiam Seymour^ known as "Beau" The House. 
Seymour, son of Sir Edward Seymour, 4tli Bart., 
of Berry Pomeroy, and of his second wife, Letitia 
Popham, daughter of Colonel Alexander Popham. 
He succeeded to the Conway estates, under the will 
of his cousin Edward, Earl of Conway, and assumed, 
in consequence, the name of Conway. He died un- 
married, in his twenty-fourth year, from a wound 
received in a duel with Colonel Kirk, in 1699. 

(6.) Hugh Popham (by Beall), fourth son of Sir 
Francis Popham, Kt., killed at Sherborne, during the 
Civil Wars. 

Mrs. Mary Beale was an artist who copied success- 
fully the works of Van Dyck and Lely, and is supposed 
to have studied for a time under Robert Walker. She 
painted many of the clergy of her day (1632-1697), and 
her charges were 5?. for a head, and 10?. for a half-length. 
Her husband was also a painter, but of no celebrity. 

(7.) Portraits of — 

(a.) Edward Popham^ fifth son of Sir Francis 
Popham, Kt., Admiral of the Fleet and Colonel in the 
Parliamentary Army during the Civil War. Born 
about 1610, he was serving as lieutenant of the 
Henrietta Maria, in the fleet of the Earl of North- 
umberland, in 1636, and in March, 1637, was promoted 
to be a captain of the Fifth Whelp. 

E 2 


The Whelps were by this time old and barely sea- 
worthy, and in a fresh breeze off the coast of Holland, 
28 June, 1637, this one having sprung a leak, went 
down, giving Popham with the ship's company, barely 
time to save themselves in the boat. Seventeen men 
went down with her. 

In the Civil War Edward Popham threw in his lot 
with the Parliament, of which his father and his 
brother Alexander were members. 

In 1642, Edward and his brother Hugh were with 
Alexander, then a deputy-lieutenant of Somerset, rais- 
ing men for the Parliament. 

In June, 1644, both he and Alexander were with 
Ludlow and some others detached by Waller into 
Somersetshire, in order to raise recruits. 

On 11 June, 1645, Edward Popham was desired to 
repair to Eomsey, take command of the troops assem- 
bling there for the relief of Taunton, and foUow the 
orders of Colonel Massey ; and on 17 June, Alex- 
ander was directed to command a party of horses to 
Romsey, there to receive orders from Edward. 

It would seem that at this time Edward was con- 
sidered the superior of&cer. 

24 October, 1648-9, an Act of Parliament appointed 
Popham, Blake, and Deane, commissioners for the 
immediate ordering of the Fleet. 

1649, Popham commanded in the Downs, and the 
North Sea. 



Early in 1650 he was under orders to join Blake, at 
Lisbon, with a strong reinforcement. 

An intercepted Royalist letter, of date 20 February, 
says, " Blake has gone to sea with fourteen sail. . . . 
A second fleet is preparing under Ned Popham. His 
brother, Alexander, undertakes to raise one regiment 
of horse, one of dragoons, and two of foot in the west; 
but good conditions might persuade them both to do 
righteous things." 

In a letter, dated 27 April, 1650, from Westminster, 
by John Milton (Latin Secretary for some time to 
Parliament and to Cromwell) to John, King of Por- 
tugal, Edward Popham is mentioned as having been 
sent out in command of a fleet to the mouth of the 
Tagus, the object of which was not to act in any hostile 
way to the Portuguese, but to attack pirates, and to 
recover property taken by them. 

The passage is as follows : — 

" Quo facilius a Maj estate Vestra impetraturos 
nos esse confidimus, primum ut lUustrissimo Yiro 
Odoardo Poppamo, quem huic novae classi praefeci- 
mus, quibus potes rebus ad praedatores hosce debel- 
landos, adjumento esse veils, utque eos cum duce 
suo, non hospites, sed piratas, non mercatores, sed 
commercii pestes, jurisque gentium violatores, intra 
regni vestri portus, & munimenta diutius consistere 


ne signas ; sed qua patent Lusitanise fines, terra 
marique pelli jubeas:" 

Which was thus translated in an English edition, 
printed in 1694, of the " Letters of State, written by 
Mr. John Milton, To most of the Sovereign Princes 
and Republicks of Europe." 

"Which is the reason we are in hopes that we 
shall more easily obtain from your Majesty; First, 
That you will, as far as in you lies, be assistant to 
the most Illustrious Edward Popham, whom we have 
made Admiral of our New Fleet, for the subduing 
those detested Freebooters ; and that you will no 
longer suffer 'em together with their Captain, not 
Guests, but Pyrates ; not Merchants, but the Pests of 
Commerce, and Violaters of the Law of Nations, to 
Harbour in the Ports and under the shelter of the 
Fortresses of yom' Kingdom ; but that where-ever 
the Confines of Portugal extend themselves, you will 
Command 'em to be Expell'd as well by Land as 
by Sea." 

He died of fever at Dover, 19 August, 1651, and 
had a public funeral in Westminster Abbey. 

1651. August 22. Council of State. 

" Lord Commissioner Whitelock, and Sir Harry 


Vane to go to Mrs. Popham from council and condole House. 
with her on the loss of her husband, and to let her 
know what a memory they have of his services, and 
that they will upon all occasions be ready to shew 
respect to his relations." 

" Sept: 24 1651. In the evening the funeral of 
General Popham was performed at the Abbey, with 
very great solemnity. His herse was attended from 
Exeter House in the Strand by the Speaker [Lenthal] , 
the Lord General [Cromwell], and many members of 
Parliament and Council as it became a person of so 
much honom* and integrity." 

1651. October 9. Order of Parliament. 

"That one year's salary for the year payable to 
General Popham deceased be paid to Anne Popham 
his widow." 

The monument to Edward Popham and to his 
wife in Westminster Abbey was, at the Restoration, 
ordered to be destroyed ; and Dart relates that, at the 
intercession of some of this lady's relations, who had 
been serviceable to the Royal Cause, no further dis- 
honom' was shown to his memory than by turning 
inwards the face of the stone which displayed the 
inscription. Dart's story is, however, a myth; for — 

F 2 




though the monument was allowed to remain — the 
inscription was defaced. 

(b.) Amie Carr (see No. 8), his wife, and sister to 
his brother's wife, Letitia. 

Also portraits of their two children. 

(c.) Letitia, who married Sir John Bauden. She 
was baptized in 1646 at Newington, married in 1669, 
and died 1703 or 1706. 

(d.) Alexander, of Bourton-on-the-Hill, in Glou- 
cestershire, who married Brilliana Harley, eldest 
daughter of Sir Edward Harley, of Brampton Brian, 
Governor of Dunkirk in 1660, and eldest son and heir 
of Sir Eobert Harley, K.B., by Brilliana Conway his 
wife (who was so chiistened because her father, the 
first Lord Conway, was Governor of the Brill in the 
Netherlands at the time of her birth). Alexander 
Popham was the father of Anne Popham, who married 
her second cousin, Francis Popham of Littlecote 
(see No. 10). 

(8.) Anne (by Sir Peter Lely), daughter of William 

She married — 

1st, Edward Popham (see No. 7), who died 1651, and 
2ndly — as his third wife — 4 August, 1661, at Little- 
cote, Philip, 4th Lord Wharton, by whom she had a 
son, William, who was killed in a duel, Dec. 1699. 



Her brother, William, married Anne, the elder 
daughter of this Philip, 4th Lord Wharton, by his 
second wife. 

Philip, 4th Lord Wharton, born 8 April, 1613, was 
a pronounced Puritan, and took an active part for the 
Parliament in the Civil Wars. He was one of those 
sent to treat with the Scots at Ripon in 1640, and 
was one of the " commanders " in the armies of the 
Commonwealth, and was at the battle of Edgehill. 
He was Speaker of the House of Lords 27 May, 1642, 
and again 26 Feb., 1645, it being voted in Parliament 
1 Dec, 1645, " that Lord Wharton be made an Earl." 
He was one of the Lay Members of the Westminster 
Assembly of Divines, by whom in 1648 " The Shorter 
Catechism" was drawn up; and was summoned to 
Cromwell's House of Lords 10 Dec, 1657, and 27 Jan., 
1658, to Richard Cromwell's Parliament. At the 
Restoration he was one of the cavalcade to escort 
the King on his landing. He was imprisoned in 
the Tower 16 Feb. to 29 July, 1677, for declaring the 
Long Parliament dissolved by its fifteen months' 
prorogation. He was one of the first to declare for 
William III. When young he is said {Memoirs of 
the Marquis of Wharton) to have "had particularly 
fine legs, and took great delight to show them in 
dancing," but Puritanism was his prevailing charac- 
teristic. On July 12, 1692, he conveyed lands in 
Yorkshire to trustees "for buying English bibles 


and catechisms for poor children and for preaching 
sermons ; " the administration of which charity gave 
rise to a Chancery suit in 1896. His portrait, by 
Van Dyck, is in the Hermitage. Anne, his third 
wife, died " a few miles out of town " on the 13th 
Aug., 1692, at Woobm'n. He died at Hampstead, and 
was buried 12 Feb., 1695/6, at Wooburn, in his 83rd 

(9.) Lady Anne Montagu (by Kneller, 1689), 
daughter of Ralph, 1st Duke of Montagu. 

She married — 

1st, Alexander Popham, of Littlecote (see No. 9a, 
on the Front Staircase), who died 16 June, 1705, son 
and heir of Sir Francis Popham, K.B., and was, by 
him, mother of a daughter, Elizabeth. 

2nd, in 1707, Lieut.-General D. Harvey, who was 
Governor of Guernsey in 1715. 

(10.) Alexander Popham^ 3I.F., of Littlecote and 
Houndstrete, who succeeded in 1705, his ne]3hew, 
Alexander Popham (only son of Sir Francis Popham, 
K.B., see No. 9). He married Jane French, and was 
succeeded by his son, Francis Popham, who married 
(see No. 7) his kinswoman, Anne, daughter of Alex- 
ander Popham, of Bourton-on-the-Hill. Francis 
Popham died in 1735, aged 52, and was bm'ied at 
Chilton Foliat. It was at his death that the inventory 
mentioned above was taken. 



(11.) Edward Popham^ M.P. (by Gainsborough), ThsHou»e. 
son of Francis and Anne Popham (see No. 10). Mar- 
ried Eebecca Huddon, died 1772, and was succeeded 
by his son, Francis Popham, the last of the Pophams 
of Littlecote, whose portrait is No. 13 in the drawing- 

(12.) Mrs. Httddon, mother of Rebecca Huddon, 
who married Edward Popham, M.P. (see No. 11). 

(14.) Portrait labelled " Anne Popham, afterwards 
Mrs. Leyborne Popham, Gainsborough." If this is — 
as it is believed to be — the portrait of Anne Popham, 
the daughter of Edward Popham, M.P. (No. 11), and 
the wife of William Leyborne Leyborne, then it is 
incorrectly labelled "afterwards Mrs. Leyborne Pop- 
ham " ; for her husband — though he changed his 
name in 1751 from Taylor to Leyborne — died in 
1775, while he was Governor of Granada, under 
the name of Leyborne; and it has never been 
even suggested that his widow changed her name 
back again to Popham in her old age ; moreover, 
her son, Edward William Leyborne, who was born 
in 1764, did not assume the name of Popham 
till 1804, when he succeeded to the Popham 

In Fulcher's Life of Gainsborough, two three- 
quarter-length Popham portraits — mentioned as hav- 
ing been painted, apparently at the same time, by that 
artist, under the heading, " Miscellaneous Portraits by 

G 2 




Gainsborough " — are called — " Popham, Esq.," and 
"Mrs, Popham." 

There is, therefore, a strong probability that — 
presuming these two pictures, Nos. 11 and 14, to be 
the two pictures mentioned by Fulcher, and presuming 
No. 11 to be correctly named as the portrait of Edward 
Popham, M.P., who died in 1772 — this portrait (No. 14) 
was painted before 1772. 

But Fulcher says that Gainsborough painted "Mrs. 
Popham " ; not " Miss Popham," or " Mrs. Leyborne," 
or " Mrs. Leyborne Popham " ; and if he is correct, 
and if this is the picture to which he refers, then it is 
just possible that it may be the portrait either of 
Rebecca Huddon, the wife of Edward Popham, M.P., 
or of Dorothy Hutton, the wife of Francis Popham. 

What is certain is that it cannot be the portrait of 
any one who was "afterwards Mrs. Leyborne Popham." 

The probability is that the description painted on 
the pictm'e and Fulcher's description are both incor- 
rect, and that the pictm'e really is the portrait of the 
daughter of Edward Popham, M.P., Anne Popham, 
who afterwards became Mrs. Leyborne. 

The omission to write the names of the sitters on 
their portraits, at the time of their being painted, 
is a very old som^ce of confusion. 

Evelyn wi^ote to Pepys (12 Aug., 1689), "Our 
painters take no care to transmit to posterity the 
names of the persons they represent"; and Locke, 



writing to Collins, says, "Pray get Sir Godfrey to 
write on the back of my lady Masham's picture 
*Lady Masham,' and on the back of mine 'John 
Locke.' This he did to Mr. Molyneux; it is neces- 
sary to be done, or else the pictm^es of private persons 
are lost in two or three generations." 

(15.) William Leyborne Leyborne, son of the Rev. 
Edward Taylor, Lord of the Manor of Mortlake, and 
of his wife Anne, daughter of Anthony Leyborne. 

He assumed, by Act of Parliament in 1751, the 
surname and arms of Leyborne only. He married 
Anne (see No. 14), daughter of Edward Popham, M.P. 
(see No. 11), was Governor of Granada, Dominica, 
St. Vincent, and Tobago ; and died at St. Vincent, 
April, 1775, where he was bm^ied. 

(18.) Edward William Leyborne Popham^ son of 
William Leyborne Leyborne (see No. 15), and of his 
wife Anne Popham (see No. 14). 

Born 27 June, 1764, he succeeded (as Colonel 
Leyborne, and while quartered at Athlone in Ireland) 
under the will of Dorothy Popham, his mother's 
sister-in-law, in September, 1804, to the Popham 
estates ; his mother's eldest brother, Francis Popham, 
of Littlecote and Huntstrete (see No. 13), having died 
in 1780, whose widow, Dorothy, died in 1797. 

He assumed, by Royal License dated 22 Dec, 1804, 
the surname and arms of Popham in addition, and 
married, at St. Sidwell's, Exeter, 22 July, 1806, 




Elizabeth, daughter of the Yen. Archdeacon Andrew, 
Rector of Powderham, Devon, by Isabella his wife, 
daughter of Sir William Courtenay, and sister of the 
first Viscount Courtenay. 

He was High Sheriff in 1830, and made a General 
in 1837. 

He died in 1843, his wife having predeceased him 
in 1836. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward 
William Leyborne Popham (born 1807, died s. p. 1881), 
who was succeeded by his nephew, Francis William 
Leyborne Popham, the second son of Francis Ley- 
borne Popham, and the present owner of Littlecote. 

There are also portraits of — 

3Iiss Letitia Popham. This may possibly be either 
Letitia, the daughter of Colonel Alexander Popham, 
who married Sir Edward Seymom*, 4th Bart., of Berry 
Pomeroy ; or her first cousin Letitia, the daughter of 
Admiral Edward Popham, who married, in 1669, Sir 
John Bawden. 

Mrs. Popham^ by Sir Peter Lely. Lely came to 
England in 1641, on the death of Van Dyck, and 
remained here till his death in 1680. 

Is this " Mrs. Popham ? "— 

(a) Dorothy Cole, who died in 1643, the first wife 
of Colonel Alexander Popham ; or 

(&) Letitia Carr, the second wife of Colonel Alex- 



ander Popham (probably not. Compare her portrait 
in No. 4) ; or 

(c) Anne Oarr, wife of Admiral Edward Popham 
(compare her portrait in No. 7). Can it be 

{d) Mary, the daughter of Sir Sebastian Harvey, 
who married John, the elder brother of Alexander 
and Edward Popham (see No. 3) ? 

Supposing that she was 18 years old on her mar- 
riage in 1618, she would have been 41 years old when 
Lely landed in England. 

It is just possible, by one year — for Lely died in 
1680 — but hardly probable, that it may be {e) Brilliana 
Harley, who married in 1679 Alexander Popham, of 
Bourton-on-the-Hill (see No. 7), but she could not have 
been more than 24 years old on her marriage. 

The Spanish Lady^ aged 15, 1623, who — as the story 
goes — at a raid on some Spanish town by the English, 
was given into the custody of one of the Pophams. 
The order came to set the ladies free and unransomed : 
she was loth to leave, and would have followed 
Popham back to England. She offers him her jewels 
and gold if only he will take her to England. At 
last he blurts out, in the words of the old ballad — 

" I in England have akeady 
A sweet woman to my wife : 
I will not falsify my vow for gain, 
Nor for all the fairest dames that live in Spain." 

To which she replies : — 

" Oh how happy is that woman 
That enjoys so trve a friend : 
Many happy days God send her : 

Of my suit I make an end : 
On my knees I pardon crave for my offence, 
Which from love and true affection did com- 

Portrait labelled Sir George Harrington. 

No " George Harrington " appears to have been 
either a Baronet or a Knight. However, " George 
Harrington, 3rd son of Sir John Harrington, Kt., 
and of Mary, daughter of Sir George Rogers, of Can- 
nington, Somerset, married Mary Combes," and died 
in 1665 ; and Katharine Popham, who died 1637, sister 
of Sir Francis Popham, Kt., married Edward Rogers, 
of Cannington, Somerset ; and Sir Francis Popham, 
K.B., who died in 1674, married Helena, daughter of 
Hugh Rogers, of Cannington, Somerset. Also, John 
Harrington was chosen to represent the City of 
Bath in Parliament in 1658, in the place of Colonel 
Alexander Popham, when the latter relinquished that 
seat, and sat for the county instead. 

These facts might account for the presence at 
Littlecote of a portrait of a " Harrington," but not for 
a " George Harrington " being knighted. 



Many Harringtons were knighted in the 16th 
and 17th centuries, but apparently no George Har- 

Probably this is another example of the not un- 
usual result of the posthumous labelling of pictures. 

Portrait of a Lady. Lely. 

Portrait of a Lady. Temp. James I. 

Portrait of a Gentleman. Temp. Elizabeth. 

Compare a portrait, by Cornelius Ketel, in the 
National Portrait Gallery, of Edward Fiennes de 
Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, K.G. 

William BrooJc, Lord Cohham. Attributed to Sir 
Antonio More. 

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham. Born 
1592. Favom^ite of James I. and Charles I. Mm'- 
dered by Felton, 1628. 

Portrait of a Lady. After Lely. 

There are also miniatures of Queen Elizabeth as 
a child, by Sir Antonio More ; of Jane Seymour, by 
Holbein ; of Lord Herbert of Cherbury ; and of 
William III. and Mary. 

There is also in the Long Gallery a big Italian 
Eenaissance seat, or throne, which the Florentines of 
the 15th centmy called " residenza," brought not long 
ago from the Villa S. Donato, near Florence, and 
originally belonging to Giuliano de' Medici. 

M. Paul Leroi, in the course of a long description 
of this piece of furniture, written in L^Art for the 


year 1880 (which contains a drawing of it) says, 
" L'authenticite de ce trone ne fait point question. 
II devint apres la mort de Julien, arrivee en 1516, la 
propriete, a titre de legs, de la famille d'un des princi- 
paux seigneurs attaches a sa personne, le comte Nuti, 
et n'est jamais sorti de cette famille jusqu'au mois de 
Janvier 1872, epoque a laquelle la comtesse Lucrezia 
Nuti se decida a s'en separer." 

The cushion is covered with very old Genoese 
brocade, and has been on the seat probably for 

And we may note a bronze bust of Sir Isaac 
Newton, from Hinton St. George; a marble bust of 
Oliver Cromwell; an old clock by "Wm. Mason, 
London," (William Mason became a freeman of the 
Company of Clockmakers, 2 April, 1688) ; and a Greek, 
or Etruscan, helmet. 

The ceiling in the Long Gallery was put up in 
1899, to take the place of one that probably dated 
from the early part of the 19th century. 

The idea of the design was taken from the bit 
of old ceiling in the bay window opposite to the 

When the new ceiling was put up a piece of paper 
was discovered on a beam behind the cornice, evidently 
a relic of a time previous to that of the cornice then 

The paper is much worn by time, but the writing 



on it is fairly clear, and has been deciphered to be as ^he House. 
follows : — 

" The 11th of Aprell, 1650. 




Itt[em] 15 dussing of quarts bott[les] at 




Itt. 05 dussing of pints glas bott at 3s. M. 

a dussing 




Itt. pad the 3 porttears for bringing of 

them from the glas hous at Rattlef 




Itt. pad the 3 porttear for carin of them 

into the Strand 




Itt. pad the porttear [ther] for speaking of 




Itt. 2 great hampears 




Som. is .... 




For what purpose these bottles were bought is not 
obvious ; but possibly they were for the bottling of 
half a butt of wine. 

Colonel Alexander Popham was the owner of Little- 
cote in the year in which this account is dated. 

I 2 


The House. 

The Tapestey Room. 

This little room, leading out of the Long Gallery, 
was hung with tapestry in 1899, and the ceiling was 
put up at the same time. 


And so we leave the Long Gallery, passing on the 
right Juba's room, a little room so called after a black 
servant of Edward Popham, M.P. (Juba was baptized 
2 J anuary, 1762, at Chilton) ; Alcove Chamber ; the 
present nurseries, which contain one of the plaster 
overmantels put up by Chief Justice Popham; and 
Popham Chamber ; and looking at a portrait (No. 19) 
of Mrs. Leyborne Popham, the wife of General Ley- 
borne Popham (No. 18), and at a farmyard scene by 
George Morland; we find our way to the front stair- 
case, where there hang — 

Portraits of George III. and Queen Charlotte, 
painted about 1767 by Allan Ramsay, sergeant-painter 
to the King ; compare the two similar portraits now 
in the National Portrait Gallery in London. 



Portraits of "Wild Dayrell," the horse that won TiieHouae. 
the Derby in 1855, his trainer Rickaby, and his jockey 
Sherwood. "Wild Dayrell" was owned by Mr. Francis 
Leyborne Popham, was trained in the park, started 
favourite at " evens," and won by two lengths. 

(9a.) Portraits, by Kneller, of Alexander Bopham^ 
his wife, Lady Anne PopJianfi^ and their daughter 

Lady Anne Montagu, daughter of Ralph, 1st Duke 
of Montagu, married — 

1st, Alexander Popham of Littlecote, who died 
1705, son and heir of Sir Francis Popham, K.B. 

2nd, in 1707, Lieut.-General Harvey, who became 
Governor of Guernsey in 1715. 

Elizabeth Popham married — 

1st, 12 April, 1707, Edward Richard, Viscount 
Hinchinbroke (eldest son of Edward, 3rd Earl of 
Sandwich), who was, by her, father of John, 4th 
Earl of Sandwich, and died 3rd October, 1722. 

2nd, 30 July, 1728, at St. Giles in the Fields, her 
first cousin, Francis Seymour, younger brother of Sir 
Edward Seymour, 6th Bart., of Berry Pomeroy. 

These two brothers, Edward (who, in 1750, became 
8th Duke of Somerset) and Francis, were the sons 
of Sir Edward Seymour, 5th Bart., of Berry Pomeroy 




TheEo^e. (^Jjq (jje^j 1741), and of his wife (see No. 8a in the 
drawing-room) Letitia (who died 1738), only daughter 
of Sir Francis Popham, K.B. 

Francis Seymoui', died 23 Dec, 1761, his wife 
having predeceased him 20 March of the same year 
in Charles Street, Berkeley Square, and having been 
buried in South Audley Street Chapel. 

Portrait of William Shippen, M.P., brother of Ann 
Shippen, who married Anthony Leyborne, and was, by 
him, mother of Ann Leyborne, who married Edward 
Taylor, and was, by him, mother of William Taylor. 
William Taylor assumed the name of Leyborne, and 
married Anne Popham, and was, by her, father of 
Edward William Leyborne, who assumed the name 
of Popham, and was the grandfather of Francis 
William Leyborne Popham, the present owner of 

William Shippen, M.P., was an English Jacobite, 
son of the Rector of Stockport ; an opponent of 
Walpole ; and characterised by Pope as " Downright 
Shippen." Born about 1672, he was educated at 
Stockport school, M.P. for Bramber, 1707; and com- 
mitted to the Tower, 1717. Walpole said of him, 
"I would not say who was corrupted, but who, 
I would say, was not corruptible — that man is 

Shippen returned the compliment by saying, " Robin 
and I are honest men." 


On a vote to remove Walpole, in 1741, lie did not 
vote, but withdrew from the House with his followers. 

Porch Eoom. 

This room contains two large pieces of old Flemish 
tapestry, which came from Kirby House, Inkpen. One 
represents Neptune and Amphitrite with attendant 
nymphs and mermen ; the other a man, in the costimie 
of the time of Louis XIII., riding a white charger, 
with an instructor standing at the side. The latter is 
initialled in the corner T. P. 

DrEvrrsrG Room. 

The Dining Room was, in 1896, paneUed with 
old oak that had long been lying in a loft over the 
stables, and the ceiling was put in at the same time. 

There is here a portrait of a man in a dark robe, h\xAX~u^- 
painted for the Ricci Gallery in Florence, by Andrea 
del Sarto, which Dr. Waagen describes as being " Of b^t^TWo^-*^ 
masterly execution." 

K 2 


Hie House. 

The SMOKmG Room. 

The Smoking Room is finely panelled, and con- 
tains — 

(7c.) Portrait of Admiral Edward Popham. 

(7d.) Portrait of Anne Carr, wife of Admiral 
Edward Popham. 

(18a.) Portrait of General E. W. Leyborne Popham, 
by Downman. 

Portrait, apparently also by Downman, and a com- 
panion pictm'e to the portrait of General E. W. Ley- 
borne Popham. Probably this is the portrait of the 
Rev. Edward Popham, D.D., who was born in 1728, and 
died in 1815, and was for 26 years rector of Chilton 
Foliat. He was brother to Francis Popham and to 
Anne Popham, who married William Leyborne. 

Over the mantelpiece is the date 1592 (the year in 
which Sir J ohn Popham became Lord Chief Justice), 
and below the date is the Chief Justice's shield of arms. 

The Servants' Offices are typical of the house. In 
the servants' hall there hangs over the fireplace a 
framed copy of the rules to be observed in the hall. 
This copy was printed about the year 1860, from a 
much older copy, and is as follows : — 



The HoMM, 

To Be Observed 



The Coachman is head of the Hall; he is 
required to see that the Servants are pimctual 
at their Meals : 

Bbeakfast . . . from 8| to 9 

DiMEE . . . from 1 to 2 

Tea .... from 5 to 5| 

Supper . . . at 9 

And the Hall to be cleared by 10^ o'clock every 

No Waste allowed, nor any Food to be 
taken out of the HaU. 

All quarrelling, or bad language, to be re- 
ported to the Butler by the Coachman. 

By Order of Mk. POPHAM." 


Th* House. The Cellars are worth seeing for the arching of 
the ceiling. 

In an inventory made in 1735, on the death of 
Francis Popham, the contents of the cellars were 
as follows : — 

In the Small Beer Vault £ s. d. 

Item Five Hogsheads of Small Beer 2 10 0 

In the Strong Beer Ditto 

Item Wooden Horses for BarreUs all 
round the vaults Eight Hogsheads of good 
strong Beer Two Ditto Damaged One and 
Thirty Ironbound Hogsheads One and 
Thirty Wooden Ditto with some Iron 
Hoops Six Brass Corks Four Beer Filters 
a Funnell and Fom- Tap Tubbs . . 43 0 0 

In the Wine Vault 

Item One Hogshead of White Port 
about one third out One ditto of Red one 
third out Three Dozen and Eight Bottles 
of Champain Two Dozen and Six Bottles 
of Burgundy Two Dozen and Eleven 
Bottles of Hermitage Two Dozen and 
Six Bottles of Old Hock Three Bottles 
of French Clarett One Dozen and Three 
Bottles of Damaged Claret and Two Bottles 
of Arrack 39 4 0 



TJie Garden 


But — as Bacon has taught us — without a garden 
"buildings and palaces are but gross handy-works" ; 
so, let us wander through the iron gates leading on 
to the North Terrace, and to the garden, wherein 
are trees that have, in all probability, been tended by 
Wild Darrell's gardener, " Cornelius the Dutchman." 

The Mount, which is of a simple construction, 
often found in Tudor Gardens, is near two patriarchal 
tulip-trees, and the rose garden, on the west side of 
the house. 

At the bottom of the garden is a long herbaceous 
border, and parallel to it runs a branch of the Kennet, 
containing trout, some of which are of the same breed 
as those which appeared on Wild Darrell's table, and, 
at a later date, were sent annually, by General Ley- 
borne Popham, to the Waterloo banquet. 

On the wall that is near are two apricot-trees, 
believed to have been planted about 1524, when the tree 
was first introduced into England by Wolf, gardener 
to Henry VIII. 

L 2 


The Park. 


Next to the garden lies the park, of which Leland 
wrote nearly three hundred and fifty years ago, " There 
is a faire and large parke hangynge apon the Clyffe 
of a highe Hille well woddyd over Kenet," and his 
description will guide us to it now. 

About 300 yards to the west of the house are signs 
of excavations, which are believed to mark the site of 
the house which existed before the present Littlecote ; 
and a little farther to the west is the site of the Roman 
pavement, mentioned on page 90. 

It was about the year 1652 that the ancestors of 
the present deer were brought into the park ; as we 
learn from a letter of Lord Conway — a kinsman of 
the Pophams — who, writing in that year, says, "Your 
brother told me that he was bringing the deer that 
were at Wellington to Littlecote, wherein I trust he 
does well, as he mil then have the benefit of them." 

But there are inhabitants of the park of even 
greater local antiquity than the deer ; for the Romans 
— who constructed in the park the magnificent pave- 
ment (which has now perished) — are said to have 
brought with them (what is still here) the edible snail. 
Helix Pomatia, more than a thousand years before a 
Darrell came to Littlecote. 


Appendix A. 


Arms of the Oalston Family :— 
Argent a bar gules, in chief two lions rampant of the last. 
And another coat : Azure three mullets or vnthin a hordwre argent. 

ROGER DE OALSTON, died 20 Edward I. (129f), seized of lands 
at Calstone, Quemerford, Lyttlecote, Chilhampton, Little Durnford, 
Ebbesborne Wake, and Enham Knights. 

born 1291 ; died 1343. 



born 1322 ; died 1358. 

born 1343. 



bapt. 1401 ; son of Sir William Darrell of 

married 1415. Sessay. 







POPHAM OP LITTLECOTE. ^„ „„„ e.„.,, C„™.™, ^„ s.vMo™. 


on a chief gules two bmka' heads eaboseed or. 

I- HlKF JUSTICE of the King s Bench, nnd knighted 1592 ; died 1007. 

.t. T Amy, i1«u. and heir of Roliei t Games of Castleton 
Glamorgan ; died 1012. 


Kniglil«l ;,i fadi 
1<<3S : died 1(MU. 

POPBAK, Kt. T Annk. dan. of John 
u !.■>»'.: M.P. 1(121)- Dudley of Sloke 
Newington; boru 
24 Feb., 1575. 

"^■"I' YwTJi POP""' niCH.MM. rHAMPEllM. 

died 1(B7. ic,.. 11522, 


of Hester- 


■''died Si!'";;,",' ' '■►^"^■•ope p,„.„am = t„om.,8 hai.„.,m ; 

riedatM'el'ls.- 'Ltttt^ ' '^^"-"^ ;,aw , died 

Maky Popham = .Silt John Mallet 
of EninoM'. 

Katharine Pophasi 
(lied 1037, 


John Popham = 

Mary, dau. of 
Sir Selx^stinu 

DoBOTtrr (■olk='(H) AUSXAHDER POPHAM^JleJ-iti.v (Hrb- 
maiTied l(t:^.~i - m.v n^iAHAi r > 

maiTieil 10S5 ; 
died IftW. 



Colonel I one of the 

oi'h I'pper House; died 

dan. of Ai thin 
(toodwyn (2nd 

Jane T- Philip, 4th U>rd = (:f,d wife)(2nd)ANNE'rABR(lst) =j= Edward Popiiam 
.rluui- WluirUm : born o.. ..i; 

\VluirUni ; boi . 
1613; died 1090 

I r 

William Carr = Ann Wharton. 

Parli ^ 

Generul- at - Sen ; 
died 1651 ; bmied 
in Westmiuater 

I I 

Thomas Popham. 
HuoH Popham. 

Sir Edward (afterwaitls Viscount) Conway = 
Knighted at C.uliz 1596; creat«<l B;iron Con- 
way 1025. and Viscount Conway 1027 ; died 

^ Edward Rwiers 
of Cannington; 
died 1027. 

= Dorothy, dau. of Sir John 
Tracy of Te<lingt«n, po. 

I I I I I I 

( t)ther (l.'iuglite 

I 1 

Fha.nceb PiiPBAM =F Edwabd, 2ncl Vi 

ed 1621; 

died 1071, aged 

p. 1642. 


K.B.! d.^a 11.74. 

Helena, dau. of 
Hugh Rogel-S 
of C'annington: 
died 1872. 

1st 2nd i 

M.IBU.VBET, dau. of =i= Sin Edward Setjioub =j= Letitia Popham. 

Sir William 

4lh Bt. of Ben y Pome 
"■oy : g-g-g-g-gi andson 
of John Sevnioul- and 
Ehzalielh. dau. of Su- 
George Dairell of Lit- 


Essex Popham 
married .Folin. 
3rd Lord 

of Berwick Bis- 
set; married 
Oiilciljella Fold. 

I I I 
Phillip Popham. 
John Popham. 
and Anne P(u'- 
HAM, marrieil 
W. Ashe. 


Letitia Popham: 
married John 
Baudeii in 1609; 
died 17113. 

Conway ; hapl. l.jlU : 
died 1055. 

Edward. 3i-d Viscount Ci 
createtl Earl of Conway 
died 1083. 


Brilliana Conway (3rd wife) j Sir Robert Harley, 

alMHit 10011 . 
■lied 162:1; died 


dau. of Sir William 
Bottom of Parkgate. 
CO. Devon. 

K. B. ; Impt. 
died lO.V). 

Sir Edward Harley 
iKitn 1621 ; died 1711(1. 

Abigail, dau. 
of Nathaniel 

Alexander Popham - 
of Bourton-on - the - 
Hill ; married 1679. 

Brilliana Hablet. 
died 1088. 


L.\DY Anne Mont.aoc. 
dan. of 1st Dnke of 

horn 1661 ; created Earl of 
Oxfoid 1711 ; die<\ 1724. 

died 1738. 

-Sir Ed. Sey'Moub, 
Bt., of Beny Poi 
roy; died 1741. 

Popham Seymour (Cmi- 
way), assumed name of 
Conway ; killed 1699. 

Francis Seymour (Conwav) =f= (3id wifel Charlotte. 
Iwrn 1679 ; succeeded to (Viii- 
way estates ; created Baron 
Conway ; died 1731. 

Robert Walpcile. 

of Sir 

Alexander Popham, 
Ediv.vbd Popham, 
died within 30 hours 
(if each other, 1739. 


Georoe Popham. 
rector of ChilUm 
Foliat; died 

I I 
(7) FKAMCIS VOPBAM =i= ANNE Popham. 

Edward, Viscount Hi 
married 1707 ; died v 

nchinbroke = 
.p. 1722. 

Elizabeth Poph.vm - 
died 20 March. 1761. 

■ Francis Seymour (2nd son) : 
manied 1728; died 23 Dec, 

Sib Edwabd Seymodb, 
(ith Bt.,of BeiTy Poiue- 
l oy, 8th Duke of Som- 
erset, 1760; died 1758. 

Pbancis (Seymour-Conway), 
Bai'cm Conway ; Iku-u 1719; 
created Marquis of Hert- 
ford ; died 1794. 

Francis Popham; 
died 1708; aged3. 

Elizabeth Popham ; 
died 171(1. inhit. 

= Rebecca Huddon. 

I I 

Alexander Popham : 
died s.p. 1722; Anne 
Popham ; died 17.S7. 

Letitia Popham = Henby Bhidoman. 

John. 4th Earl of Sandwich : 
dietl 1792. 

(il) FBAXrCIS POPHAM Dorothy, dau. of 
born 1734; di.-d 17sn. iMathew Hut- 

ton, Ai'chbishop 
of Canterbury ; 
died 31 July. 

Ei)iv.*RD Popham. D.D., 
,„ lor of Chilton Foliat; 
dirtl Sept. 1815. s.p. 

Anne Popham 
born 17S7. 

William Leyborne Leyborne 
(son of the Rev. Edward Tay- 
lor) assumed the name of Ley- 
borne 1751 ; Governoi' of Gra- 
nada ; died 1775. 

Edward William Leyborne, 
assumed the name of Popham. 
See AppetidLr D. 


Appendix D. 



n,„. .,.71,, , 'Pa.tmt granted 1st March, 1805. 

Qi^aHed,, : 1 a^ul 4 ar.jeut on a cUef ,j,des tu,o hacks' head, cahosse<l o,-, for PopU,u ■ -> a.ul 'i ■ r , , , 


William Leyborne Taylor 
Assumed the surname and 
anus of Iieyborne only by 
Act of Parliament, 1731. 
Governor of Grenada, Do- 
minica, St. Vincent, and 
Tobago ; died 1775. 

Anthony Leyborne, and 
of his wife Anne Shi|)pen. 

Anne Popham, dau. of 
Edward Popham, M.P. 
for Wilts : born 17:^7. 


born 17(il. Assiuued the surname and 
arms of Popham in addition by Royal 
License 22 Dec, 18U4 ; married 22 July, 
1806 ; General 1837 ; died 1843. 

ICLiZAnKTU, dau. of the 
Vi'U. Aic bdi'aeon Andrew, 
Hector of Powderham. 


born 1807 ; died s.p. 18S1. 

Francis Leyborne-Popham = 
born 18U9; manied 1857; 
died 1880. 

: Elizabeth, dau. of 
James Block ; died 

I I I I I I 
2 othei' sons, and 
4 daughU'i s. 


FiiANCiR Ilumi 

born 10 Jan., 1801 ; 
died 21 June, 1861. 

(:-!) FXt&NCZS WZXiXiZAK = Mxvu Isabel, 
Z.ZS'SBORNZS-POPHAni, dau. of Henry 
bornlS02; ni.iriied l.SJII. Howard, of 


FR.iNciK HuoH Arthur 
Leyborne - Popham, 
born 1864. 

Francis Alexander t'o.MiToN - 
Leyborne-Popham; born 
1865; married 1890 ; died 189U. 

Ethki.. dan. of 
J. Kent Rye, 
of Brighton. 

2 dan^hters 

Hugh Alexander Leyborne-Popham, 
born 1890. 




AiLESBURY MSS., extract from, 97 

Airel, castle of, 2 

Alcove Chamber, 122 

Andrew, Ven. Archdeacon, 116 

Elizabeth, wife of Edw, Wm. 

Leyborne Popham, 116 
Anne, Queen, and Sir Edw. Seymotu-'s 

Peerage, 104 
- .1 of Denmark, visits to Littlecote 

of, 96 

Ante-chapel Chamber, description of, 90 
Apricot trees, two old, 129 
Aragon, Katherine of, see Katharine 
Arel, Marmaduc de, 2, 3 

Ralph de, 3 

. . Thomas de, 3 
Armillary Sphere, 76 
Ashe, Letitia, 104 

WiUiam, 104 

Astrolabe, an old Persian, 76 
Aubrey, and the "Littlecote Legend," 44 
-■ ' and Sir John Popham's reforma* 
tion, 64 

■ and the colonisation of New Eng- 
land, 70 

— — reference from to John and Sir 

Francis Popham, 100 
Axfoi-d, trouble with tenants at, 18 

on felling trees at, 19-24 

- ■■ ■ ' the sale of, referred to, 42 

Bacon, Lord, at the Earl of Essex's trial, 

Bagley, 10 
Balston, 10 

Barnes, Mrs., her deposition, 44, &c. 

Barrett, Valentine, 4 

Bath, royal progress of Charles II. to, 78 

Bauden, Sir John, 110 

Beale, Mrs. Mary, portrait painter, 105 

"Beere's Inne," 9 

Bell, Mr., addresses Parliament on certain 
abuses, 66 

Berkeley, Sir Maurice, nominated member 

of the Coimcil of Virginia, 72 
Biron, Marshal, see Buyroome 
Blontte, murder of, 35, 65 
Blount, see Blontte 
Blounts, the, of Gloucestershire, 65 
— — — their connexion with the Darrells, 


•— — their connexion with the Pophams, 

Boleyn, Anne, death and execution of, 

Books, old law, with Sir' J. Popham's 

annotations, 81 
Bourbon, Gabrielle de, wife of Louis II., 

portrait of, 80 
Braganza, Katharine of, visit to Littlecote, 


Brick Hall, the, 82 

Bridges, Anthony, and the "Littlecote 

Legend," 43, 49 

letter to Wm. Darrell, 49, 50 

Brinde, Thomas, murder of, 36 

Bromley, Sir Thomas, letters to, from 

Wm. Darrell, 39, 41 
his interest in Wm. Darrell, how 

secured, 53 




Bromley, Sir Thomas, at Mary, Queen of 

Scots' trial, 67 
Buckingham, 1st Duke of, see Villiers, 


Burleigh, Lord Treasurer, at Queen of 

Scots' trial, 67 
Burnet, Bishop, and Lord Halifax, 85 
Busli, Idonea de. Charters of, 3 
Buyroome, Mous. ( probably Marshal 

Biron), reference to, in a satirical 

paper, 38 

Calbhill, Darells of, 4 

when purchased by John Darrell, 4 

Calston family, the, 1 

Elizabeth, heiress of Littleoote, 2, 5 

marriage of, 2, 5 

— — John, 1 

John (son of former), 2 

Roger de, first possessor of Little- 
cote, 1 

Roger de, (son of former), second 

possessor of Littlecote, 1 
Campbell, Liord, Lives of the Chief Justices, 

extract from, on Sir John Popham's 

early life, 63 
Carleton, Sir Dudley, letter from Mr. John 

Chamberlain, 95 
Carr, Anne, to whom married, 83 

portraits of, 110, 126 

John, 11 

■ Letitia, to whom married, 102 

portrait of, 103 

— — William, to whom mai'ried. 111 
Cellars, the, inventory of contents of, 128 
Ceyssa, the Dai'elles of, 3 
Chamberlain, Mr. John, letter in 1601 to 

Sir Dudley Carleton, 95 
Champernoun, Sir Richard, arms of, 93 
Chapel, the, 83 

Charles II., restoration of, referred to, 78 

— royal progress to Bath, 78 

visit to Littlecote, 97, 102 

Charlotte, Queen, portrait of, 122 
Christ and an Angel, picture of, 92 

the Woman of Samaria, picture of, 


Chilton Folyat, assessment of, in Domesr 
day, 8 

its early owners, 8 

let on lease to Sir Edw. Darrell, 9 

purchased by Sir Edw. Darrell, 8, 

9, 10 

— — description of, 9 

value of, 9, 10 

troubles with tenants at, 14, 15 

members of the Blount family at, 


bm'ial of Col. Alex. Popham at, 102 

— — — chin-ch, letter on repairs of, 6 
Civil War, raising troops for, 106, 107 
Clinton, Edward Fiennes de, portrait 

referred to, 119 
Clocks, curious, 77, 120 
Clyfford, Henry, 12 
Cobham, Lord, Greorge, portrait of, 80 
■ Lord, William, portrait of, 119 

Coke, Sir Edward, at Earl of Essex's trial, 


. his conduct at Sir Walter Raleigh's 

trial, 69, 70 
Cole, Dorothy, first wife of Col. Alex. 

Popham, 102 

possibly a portrait of, 104 

Collins, Anthony, letter from John Locke, 


Colucci, an antiquarian writer, 92 

Combe, 10 

Compton, 10 

Conservatory, the, 80 

Constable, of Hungerford, and the Dutch 
prisoners, 82 

Conway, Lord, see Seymour, Francis 

Ursula, Countess of, to whom mar- 
ried, 83 

Copernican system, 77 

Cornelius, the Dutch gardener, 59, 129 

Com-tenay, Sir William, 116 

Croft, Sir James, letters to, from Wm. 
Darrell, 39, 40 

Cromwell, Oliver, nominated member of 
the Council of Virginia, 72 

bronze bust of, 77 

marble bust of, 120 



Cromwell, Oliver, at public funeral of 
Admiral Edw. Popham, 109 

Danyell, Mary, property bequeathed to, 

by Sir Edw. Darrell, 10, 11 
Darell, Sir Edward, 3 
— — Joan, 4 

■ Sir Lionel, of Pretherne Court, 5 

Sir Marmaduke, of Fulmer Court, 4 

— — — ' letter from re-execution of 
Mary, Queen of Scots, 57 

■ Sir Thomas, 4 

William, 4 

Darelles of Ceyssa, 3 
Darells of Calehill, 4 
of Scotney, 4 

Darrell, see aiso Airel, Arel, Darell, Darelles, 
Darells, Darrells, Dayrel 
■■ chamber, the, 93 
— — family, the, 2 

Leland's reference to the, 3 

" Darrell's Tree," legend of, 73 
Darrell, Sir Edward, 5 

a great landowner in Wilts, 6 
Vice-Chamberlain to Katharine 

of Aragon, 6 
grants to, by Katharine of Aragon, 7 
grant to his widow, 7 
' I Sir Edward, son of John, 7 
to whom married, 7 
father of "Wild" Darrell, 8 
reproved for chasing Bishop's 
deer, 8 

pm?chaser of Chilton Foliat, 8 

death of, 10, 12 

instructions in will of, 10, 11 

inquisition post-mortem, 11 

children of, 12 
— -— Elizabeth, property left to, 12 
Elynor, 11, 12 

to whom married, 13 
Darrell, George, cousin of Sir Edward, 10 

fellow student with Sir John 
Popham at the Temple, 65 
Sir George, son of Wm. Darell 

keeper of Great Wardrobe to 
Edward IV., 5 

Darrell, George, to whom married, 5 

to whom his estates were devised 

in trust, 5 
relation to Henry VTII., and 

Edward VI., 5, 74 
relationship to Sir Edw. Seymo\ir, 


■ John, founder of family in Kent, 4 

■ ■ John, son of Sir Edward, slain at 

Arde, 7 
II Mary, marriage of, 6 

■ ■ Thomas, son of Sir Edward, 12 

■I William, son of Sir Wm. of Seseay, 2 
marriage of, 2, 5 
Sub-Treasm er of England, 2 
through marriage became pos- 
sessor of Littlecote, 2 
Sir William, of Sessay, 2 

William, or "Wild," son of Sir 

Edward, 12, 13 

last of the Darrells of Littlecote, 8 
during minority an exile from 

home, 15 
troubles at Chilton Polyat, 14 
troubles at Wanborough, 16 
troubles at Uffington, 17 
legal proceedings to recover his 

lands, 15 
troubles at Axford, 18 
letters on the felling of trees at 

Axford, 19-24 
rent-roll of, 25 

divorce case of Sir Walter Hun- 
gerford, 25 

letters from Lady Anna Hunger- 
ford, 26-33 

quarrel with Sir Walter Hunger- 
ford, 25 

attacked by Sir Walter's half- 
brother, 26 
versus Hide, 35 

charged with the Blontte murder, 
35, 65 

at law with his tenants, 36 
in the Fleet prison, 36, 38 
the murder of Thomas Brinde, 36 
satirical lines of, 38 



Darrell, William — (contimied) 

prosecuted by Sir H. Knyvett, 37 
dociiments relating to his history, 

letters written to influential per- 
sons during imprisonment, 

accused of slander, 37 

the " Littleoote Legend," 43, &c. 

letter to Reynold Scriven, 53 

his offers for resisting Spanish 
invasion, 55 

in London, as a courtier, 56 

number of lawsuits of, 56 

his house in Warwick Lane, 58 

London table supplied from Lit- 
tlecote, 58, 59 

journey from London to Little- 
cote, bill of fare during, 59 

death of, 60 

his legal adviser, 65 

initials of, in frieze, 98 
Darrells of Littlecote, end of the, 62 

their connexion with the Blounts, 

Darrells of Sessay, 2, 3 

Dart's story of Admiral Edw. Popham's 

monument, 109 
Davison, secretary, censured by Sir John 

Popham, 67 
Dawney, Sir Guy, 4 
Dayrel, Henry, 3 

John, 3 

Marmaduke, 3 

Sir Marmaduke, of Sessay, 3 

William, 3 

his acquisition of Sessay, 3 

Deer, antiquity of the, 130 

Derby Winner in 1855, portrait of "Wild" 

Darrell, 123 
Dining Room, the, 125 
Don Quixote, pictures representing scenes 

from, 82 
Drawing Room, the, 79, &c, 
Dudley, Anne, wife of Sir Francis Popham, 

portrait of, 100 
Dutch Parlour, the, 81 

Dyer, Lord Chief Justice, letter from 
Wm. Darrell to, 39 

Edward VL, porti-ait of, 74, 80 

signature of, 76 

Elizabeth, Queen, Wm. Darrell's offers to, 
for resisting Spanish invasion, 55 

' conversation with Sir John Pop- 

ham, 67 

— — — visit to Littlecote, 95 

— — miniatm-e of, 119 

Elizabeth's Chamber (Queen), 95 

Ellesmere, Lord Keeper and Essex's insur- 
rection, 68 

Englefield, Sir Francis, letter to Dorothy 
Essex, 33 

Essex, Earl of, his rebellious conduct and 

trial, 68, 69 
■ Dorothy, letter from Lady Anna 

Hungerford, 33 
— — letter from Sir Francis 

Englefield, 38 

Sir Thomas, 7, 8 

William, 7 

Sir William, Darrell's estate at 

Axford conveyed to, 18 
Evelyn, John, letter to Pepys, 114 

Fettyplace, Jane, to whom married, 7 
John, 7 

Fleet Prison, Wm. Darrell imprisoned in, 
30, 38 

Foliat, Sir Sampson, tomb of, at Chilton 
Folyat, 9 

Fortesque, Mary, administrator of Sir 

Edw. Darrell's estate, 10 
Fotheringay Castle, execution of Mary, 

Queen of Scots at, 56 
French, Jane, to whom married, 112 
Fretherne Court, seat of Sir Lionel 

Darell, 5 
Froxfield, 10 

Fulcher's Life of Gainsborough, referred 

to, 113, 114 
Fuller, on Sir John Popham's wild youth, 65 
— — — on Sir John Popham's severity as a 

judge, 70 



Fulmer Church, by whom rebuilt, 4 

' Court, to whom belonged, 4 
Fyttleton, 10 

Gamhs, Amy, to whom married, 64, 66 

portrait of, 100 

Robert, 64, 66 

Garden, the, 129 

Garnet, Henry, Jesuit, trial of, 70 

George III., portrait of, 122 

George, Mr., the Littlecote steward, 90 

Mrs., carpet worked by, 91 

Gift of God, vessel commanded by George 

Popham, 71 
Gilbert, Sir John, nominated member of 

the Council of Virginia, 72 
Raleigh, sails for New England, 


Glamorganshire, mines in, belonging to 

the Darrells, 66 
Godolphin, Earl of, 85 
Golyas, John, chaplain of Littlecote, 1 
Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, colonial enterprise 

of, 71, 72 

Great Hall, the, description of, 73, &c. 
"Greybeards," two stoneware, 77 
Gunpowder Plot, trial of conspirators of, 70 
Gwyn, Nell, portrait of, 80 

Hackleston, 10 

Halifax, Lord, and Bishop Bm-net, 85 
Hall, Mr. Hubert, aud Wm. Darrell's 

papers, &c., 38-42 
Hanvyles, 10 

Harley, Brilliana, wife of Alex. Popham, 110 

Harrington, George, 118 

"Harrington, Sir George," portrait 

labelled, 118 
Harrington, Sir John, 118 
Hart, Sir Edmond, Kt., 5 

Elizabeth, to whom married, 5 

Harvey, Brilliana, to whom married, 110 
— — Lt.-Gen,, to whom married, 112, 


■' Mary, wife of John Popham, 101 
Hatton, Sir Christopher, letter from Wm. 
Darrell to, 39 

Hatton, Sir Christopher, at Mary, Queen 

of Scots' trial, 67 
Hautte, Jane, to whom married, 5 
Helix Pomatia, the edible snail, 130 
Helmes, 10 

Henry VIII., initials of, 74 

visit to Littlecote, 95 

Herbert, of Cherbury, Lord, miniature of, 

Hide versus Wm. Darrell, 35 
Hinchinbroke, Edward Richard, Visct., to 

whom married, 123 
Holbein, John, reference to painting by, 


Howard, Thomas, Earl of Surrey, portrait 
of, 80 

Huddon, Mrs. portrait of, 118 

Rebecca, to whom married, 113 

Hijidihras, pictures representing scenes 
from, 82 

Hungerford, The Churchwardens of, ac- 
counts of, 97 

The Constables of, accounts of, 87 

manor of, 9 

■ Lady Anna, letter to Dorothy 
Essex, 33 

letters to Wm. Darrell, 26-33 

Sir Edward, nominated member of 

the Council of Virginia, 72 
divorce suit of, 25, 26 
quarrel with Wm. Darrell, 25 
Hungerford-Darrell Divorce Case, letters 

relating to the, 26-33 
Huntsworth, the birthplace of Sir John 

Popham, 63 
Hutton, Dorothy, to whom married, 79 

Italian Renaissance seat, 119, 120 

James I., visit to Littlecote, 96 
James II., his Commissioners at Littlecote, 

Jerkins, leathern, 77 
Johnson, Edward, 11 
Juba's Room, 122 

Kathbrine Howard, Queen, 9 

n2. , 




Katherine of Aragon, letters to Sir Bdw. 

Darrell, 6, 7 

grants to Sir Edw. Darrell, 7 

— — of Braganza, visit to Littlecote, 97 
Kent, Earl of, at execution of Mary, 

Queen of Scots, 57 
Kirk, Colonel, duel with Popham Seymovu", 


Knight, John, 11 

Knightlye, Sir Richard, at execution of 

Mary, Queen of Scots, 57 
Knighton, 12 

Knyvett, Lady, and the "Littlecote 
Crime," 45 

Sir Henry, harbours murderers of 

Thomas Brinde, 36, 37 

prosecution of Wm. Dan-ell, 37 
letter to Sir John Thynne, 51 

Lady, portrat of a, temp. James I., 119 

by Lely, 119 

after Lely, 119 

Leicester, Earl of, letters from Wm. 

Darrell to, 39, 40 
Leland's reference to the Popham family, 


Lely, Sir Peter, visit to England, 116 

Lempster, WiUiam, Lord, 103 

Lenthal, William, speaker, at public 
fimeral of Edward Popham, 109 

Leverton, manor of, 9, 10 

Leyborne, Miss, portrait of, 79 

Edward William, date of birth, 113 

assumed name of Popham, 113 

— — — William, brother of Gen. Leyborne 
Popham, portrait of, 79 

William Leyborne, portrait of, 115 

to whom married, 115 
Governor of Granada, &c., 115 
death and burial of, 113, 115 

Leyborne-Popham, Edward Wm,, General 

portraits of, 11.5, 126 
biographical data, 116 
to whom married, 116 
— — Edward William, son of General 
Edw. Wm. Leyborne-Popham, 116 

Leyborne-Popham, Francis, 116 

Francis William, 116 

Mrs., portrait of, 122 

Library, the, 80 
Lisle, Eleanor de, 8 
Littlecote, description of :— 

The House, 73 

Great Hall, 73 

Drawing Room, 79 

Conservatory, 80 

Library, 81 

Dutch Parlour, 81 

Brick Hall, 82 

Chapel, 83 

William of Orange's Rooms, 84 
Ante-Chapel Chamber, 90 
DarreU Chamber, 93 
New Chamber, 93 
Queen Elizabeth's Chamber, 95 
Staircases, 98, 122 
Long Gallery, 98 
Tapestry Room, 122 
Porch Room, 125 
Dining Room, 125 
Smoking Room, 126 
Servants' Hall, 127 
Garden, 129 
Park, 130 
— — — its first possessors, 1 

divine service first heard in, 1 
in possession of Darrell family, 2 
assessment of, in Domesday, 8 
proceedings by Wm. Darrell to 

recover property at, 15 
in possession of Sir John Popham, 

52, 62 

u'on entrance gates at, 73 
fine collection of leathern jerkins 
at, 77 

dinner to Charles II. at, 78 
Dutch prisoners at, 81 
Dutch pictures at, 82 
Prince of Orange's visit to, 85 
James II. 's commissioners at, 85 
royal visitors entertained at, 95-97 
gari'ison quartered at, 98 
inventory of contents of, 99 


" Littlecote Legend," 37 

— — history of the, 43, &c. 

Lloyd, David, quotation relative to New 

England, 70 
Locke, John, letter to Anthony Collins, 


Long, Thomas, marriage of, 6 
Long Gallery, the, 98 

formerly called " The Long Matted 
Gallery, 99 
Long Gallery Ceiling, decoration of, 120 
Longleat, 51 
Longprydye, 10 

Lydeyerr, Thomas de, chaplain of Little- 
cote, 1 

Macaulay's History of England, extracts 
from, 85, 86, 97 

Macclesfield, Earl of, 86 

Maine Historical Society, Popham cele- 
bration volume, 71 

Mallet, Sir John, nominated member of 
the Council of Virginia, 72 

Man, portrait of a, by Andrea del Sarto, 125 

by Clouet, 80 

Mary, Queen of Scots, account of the 
execution of, 57 

committee to confer with Lords, 66 
trial of, 67 

Mary, Queen, wife of William III., por- 
traits of, 80, 84 

Mary and John, ship commanded by 
Raleigh Gilbert, 71 

Mason, William, clock made by, 120 

Massey, Colonel, 106 

Medici, Juliano de', renaissance seat of, 119 
Michell, Sir Bartholomew, nominated 

member of the Council of Virginia, 72 
Milton, John, Latin letter to John, King 

of Portugal, 107 

Letters of State, 108 
Miniatures of Queen Elizabeth, 119 

Lord Herbert, 119 

Jane Seymour, 119 

William HI. and Mary, 119 

Money's History of Newbury, referred to, 

81, 95-97 


Monson, Sir William, Bart., 103 
Montagu, Lady Anne, portrait of, 112 

to whom maiTied, 112, 123 
Montague, Sir Edwarde, at execution of 

Mary, Queen of Scots, 57 
Moore, Elizabeth, 12 
Robert, 11 

Morland, George, a farmyard scene by, 

Mulgrave, Lord, creations of, 83 

see also Sheffield, John, Lord 
Musselburgh, battle of, 75 

Nhedlewobk, a curious piece of, 90 
New Chamber, the, 93 
Newbury, Dutch prisoners at, 81 
Newton, Sir Isaac, bronze bust of, 120 
Nichols's Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, 

extract from, 96 
Progresses of James I., extract 

from, 96 
Nottingham, Earl of, 85 

Orange, Prince of, see William of Orange 

and William III. 
Orcheston Manor, to whom granted, 6 
Oxford, Earl of, 85 
Park, the, 130 

Leland's description of, 130 
deer from Wellington for, 130 
Paul v.. Pope, decree condemning the 

Copernican system, 77 
Pembroke, Earl of, Wm. Darrell's release 
from prison, 36 

letter from Wm. Darrell to, 41 
presses Darrell for ransom, 54 
his relations with Sir John Pop- 
ham, 66 
Penruddocke, Thomas, 104 
Pepys, Samuel, letter to John Evelyn, 114 
Percy, Richard de, of Kildare, 3 
Pigot, Alice, 3 

Pope, Alexander, his opinion of Wm. 

Shippen, 124 
Pius VII., Pope, the Copernican system, 

when accepted, 77 




Popham Arms, at Littlecote over door- 
way, 73 

Chamber, 122 

Colony, in New England, 71, 72 

— — family of : — 

— — connexion with the Blounts, 65 
■ Lady, wife of Sir John, portrait of, 

— — — Mrs., portrait by Lely, 116 
' two portraits mentioned byFnlcher, 
113, 114 

Alexander, father of Sir John, 63 

Col. Alexander, son of Sir Francis : — 

portraits of, 77, 101, 104 
house besieged by Cavalier forces, 78 
at Restoration of Charles II., 78 
dinner to Charles II. at Littlecote, 

pardon granted to, 78 
biographical data, 102 
raising troops for Parliamentary 

forces, 106, 107 
to whom married, 112, 123 

Alexander, son of Admiral Edward ; 

portrait of, 110 

Alexander, M.P. of Littlecote: — 

portrait of, 112 
to whom married, 112 
Alexander, son of Sir Francis Pop- 
ham, K.B., 123 
— — Anne, wife of Wm. Ashe, portrait 
of, 104 

Anne, wife of Admiral Edward : — 

condolences from Council of State 

at husband's death, 108, 109 
gratuity from Parliament, 109 
portrait of, 110 

monument to Admiral Edward 
and wife in Westminster 
Abbey, 109 
mar., 2ndly, Lord Wharton, 110 

Anne, dau. of Alex. Popham, 110 

Anne, dau. of Edw. Popham, M.P., 

supposed portrait of, 113 
to whom married, 115 

Anne, wife of Francis Popham, 


Popham, Lady Anne, wife of Alex. Pop- 
ham, portrait of, 123 
— — Edward, brother of Sir John 

successor to Huntworth estates, 

— — — Admiral Edward, 5th son of Sir 
Francis : — 

portraits of, 77, 105, 126 
eminent Parliamentary Com- 
mander, 77, 105 
Admiral of the Fleet, 105 
biographical data, 105-107 
reference to, by John Milton, 

death of, 108 

bOTial-place referred to, 83 
public funeral in Westminster 

Abbey, 108 
monument in Westminster Abbey, 


defacement of monument, 109 

Edward, M.P., son of Francis and 

Anne : — 

portrait of, 113 
to whom married, 113 
Rev. Edward, D.D., probable por- 
trait of, 126 

Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John, Arms 

of, 93 

Elizabeth, dau. of Col. Alexander, 


to whom married, 123 

Essex, dau. of Col. Alexander, 77 

portrait of, 103 

Sir Francis, son of Sir John : — 

appointment on Virginian Council, 

reference to, by Aubrey, 101 
Sir Francis, son of Col. Alex- 
ander : — 

created K.B. by Charles II., 102 

to whom married, 118 
Francis, son of Sir Francis : — 

Inventory of contents at Little- 
cote, 99 

to whom married, 112 

death and burial of, 112 



Popham, Francis, son of Edward, M.P. : — 

to whom married, 79 

portrait of, 113 
— — George, founder of a New England 
colony, 71 

account of, 72 

death of, 72 
I Hugh, portrait of, 105 

assisted in raising recruits for 
Parliamentary army, 106 
— — John, excesses of, 101 
— — Sir John, Lord Chief Justice : — 

Arms of, 126 

hie possession of Littlecote, 52 
services rendered to Wm. Darrell, 
53, 65 

seizure of Wm. Darrell's papers, 60 
from whom descended, 62 
birthplace, 63 

stolen by gypsies when a child, 63 
his wild youth, 64 
reformation, 64 
to whom married, 64, 100 
public career, 66-70 
in the Temple, 66 
M.P. for Bristol, 66 
Solicitor-General, 67 
Attorney-General, 67 
Speaker of the House of Commons, 

at trial of Mary, Queen of Scots, 67 
severity towards Secretary Davi- 
son, 67 
Lord Chief Justice, 68 
knighted, 68 
the rebels in London, 68 
demands siu-render of Earl of 

Essex, 68 
imprisoned by Earl of Essex, 68 
moderation at trial of Earl of 

Essex, 69 
Presided at Sir W. Raleigh's 
trial, 69 

Presided at trial of the Gun- 
powder Plot conspirators, 70 

according to Fuller, a severe judge, 

Popham, Sir John — (contimoed) 

the New England Colony, 70, 71 
death and bvu-ial of, 72 
chair and thumbstocks of, 77 
portraits of, 79, 100 
annotations in old law books by, 81 
. I " Katherine, sister of Sir Francis, 

— — Letitia, dau. of Sir Francis, K.B. : — 

portrait of, 79 

to whom married, 79 
I Letitia, dau. of Col. Alexander, 
portrait of, 103 
Letitia, dau. of Admiral Edward, 

portrait of, 110 

Miss Letitia, portrait of, 116 

Reginald, 6 

Porch Room, 125 
Portraits : — 

Bourbon, Gabrielle de, 80 

Buckingham, 1st Duke of, see 
Villiers, George 

Carr, Anne, 110, 126 

Letitia, 103 

Charlotte, Queen, 122 

Cobham, Lord, George, 80 

Lord, William, 110 

Dudley, Anne, 100 

Edward VI., 74, 80 

Elizabeth, Queen, 119 

Games, Amy, wife of Sir John, 100 

Gentleman, portrait of a, temp. 
Elizabeth, 119 

George III., 122 

Gwyn, Nell, 80 

" Harrington, Sir George," por- 
trait labelled, 118 
Herbert, of Cherbury, Lord, 119 
Howard, Thos, Earl of Surrey, 80 
Huddon, Mrs., 113 
Lady, of a (probably Dorothy 
Cole), 104 

temp. James I„ 119 

by Lely, 119 

after Lely, 119 

Leyborne, William, 79 

William Leyborne, 115 




PortraitB — {conthiued) 

Leyborne-Popham, General E. W., 

115, 126 
Mrs., 122 

Man, of a, 80 

— — by Andrea del Sarto, 


Mary, Queen, wife of Wm. III., 
80, 84 

Montague, Lady Anne, 112 
Popham portraits, two, mentioned 

by "Fulcher," 113 

Mrs., by Lely, 116 

Alexander, son of Admiral 

Edward Popham, 110 
— — Alexander, son of Sir Francis 

Popham, K.B., 123 

Colonel, 77, 101, 104 

M.P. of Littlecote, 


Lady, wife of Sir John, 


Anne, 104 

daughter of Edward 

Popham, M.P. (supposed por- 
trait of), 113 

Lady, 123 

Edward, 77 

Admiral, 105, 126 

M.P., 113 

Rev., D.D., 126 

Essex, 103 

Francis, 79, 113 

Hugh, 105 

Sir John, 79, 100 

Letitia, 103, 110, 116 

daughter of Sir 

Francis, 79 

Seymom*, Edward, Duke of 
Somerset, 74 

Jane, 119 

Popham, known as " Beau" 

Seymoui', 105 
Shippen, William, M.P., 124 
"The Spanish Lady," 117 
Villiers, George, 1st Duke of 

Buckingham, 119 

Portraits — contintied) 

Wharton, Philip, 4th Lord, 112 

"Wild Dajrrell," Derby winner, 123 

WUliam III., 80, 84 

and Mary, 119 

Portugal, John, King of, Latin letter from 

John Milton to, 107, 108 
Poulett, Catherine, 103 

John, 3rd Lord, 103 

Letitia, 103 

Radcliffe, Egremond, 13 
Raleigh, Sir Walter, trial of, 69, 70 
Ramesbvu?y, 12 

Rede, William, letter describing occur- 
rences after Wm. Darrell's death, 60-62 
Requests, Court of, suit in the, 16 
Rogers, Edward, 118 

nominated member of the Council 

of Virginia, 72 

Sir George, 118 

Helena, 118 

Hugh, 118 

John, of Berks, to whom married, 18 

Sir John, of Dorset, 18 

Mary, 118 

Roman tessellated pavement, 130 

design of, 90 
Rygge, 10 

Sabino, the Popham Colony at, 71 

Saga Dahoe, river entered by the Popham 

colonists, 71 
St. Benedict, window representing, 73 
St. Cecilia, picture of, 80 
St, George, island of, where Popham 

colonists land, 71 
St. Veronica, Flemish picture of, 92 
Sampler, a ciu-ious, at Littlecote, 84 
Schomberg, Count, 87 
Scotney, the Darrells of, 4 
Scott, Sir Walter, repeats the "Littlecote 

Legend," in Rokeby, 44 
Scriven, Reynold, letter from William 

Darrell to, 53 
Servants' Hall, rules in the, 127 
Offices, the, 126 



Sessay, Yorkshire seat of the Darrells, 3 
how acquired by Wm. Dajrrel, 3 
Sessay Chuich, 3 

Seymour, Edward, Duke of Somerset : — 
portrait of, 74 

verses inscribed on portrait, 75 
successful expeditions against the 

Scotch, 74, 75 
appointments and promotions, 74, 


created Duke of Somerset, 75 

imprisoned in Tower of London, 75 

execution of, 75 
. .1. . Sir Edward, 8th Duke of Somerset, 

to whom married, 79 
Sir Edward, 4th Bart., 103 

head of the "Western Alliance, "103 

elected speaker, 103 

Prince of Orange's greeting to, 
103, 104 

relationship to Sir Geo. Darrell, 104 

Comptroller, 104 

Peerage offered to him, 104 

■ Sir Edward, 5th Bart., 79 

Sir Edward, 6th Bart,, to title of 

Duke of Somerset, 104 
Francis, son of Sir Edward, 4th 

Bart., created Lord Conway, 104 
reference to, 110 

■ Francis, brother of Sir Edward, 
6th Bart., to whom married, 123 

death of, 124 

■ Jane, 3rd wife of Henry VIII., 5 

marriage of, 74 
initials of, 74 
death and burial of, 74 
miniature of, 119 
Popham, daughter of Sir Edward, 
4th Bart., 103 
Popham, known as "Beau" Sey- 
mour, portrait of, 105 
succeeded to Conway estates, 

kiUed in a duel, 105 
Rev. R., 71 

Sheffield, John, Lord, 3rd Earl of Mul- 
grave, marriage of, 83 

Shippen, William, M.P., portrait of, 124 
Pope's opinion of his character, 

Walpole's opinion of his character, 

biographical data, 124 
Shorter Catechism, The, compilation of, 

" Shovel-board," 77 
Shrewsbury, Earl of, 85 

at execution of Mary, Queen of 
Scots, 57 
Smoking Room, the, 126 
Somerset, Dukes of, see Seymour, Edward 
Spanish Armada, Wm. Darrell's offers for 

resisting Spanish invasion, 55 
"Spanish Lady," the, portrait of, 117 
story of, 117 

Stawel, Ursula, widow of 1st Earl of 

Conway, 83 
Stourton, Margaret, to whom married, 5 
Stradling, Sir Edward, of St. Donat's 

Castle, 63 

Stuart, Lady Arabella, conspiracy to place 

her on the throne, 69 
Sundial at Littlecote, 73 
Surrey, Earl of, see Howard, Thomas 

Tapbstby, old Flemish, description of 
93, 94, 125 

Tapestry Room, the, 122 

Taylor, Rev. Edward, 115 

Thynne, Sir John, letter from Sir Hy. 

Knyvett regarding the "Little- 
cote Crime," 51 

Triptych, a, by Bernard van Orley, 92 

Tyes, Henry de. Governor of Marlbor- 
ough, 8 

Uffington, trouble with tenants at, 17 

Van Dtck, death of, referred to, 116 
Vespasian, Emperor of Rome, coins of, 90 
ViUiers, George, 1st Duke of Buckingham, 

portrait of, 119 
Virgin and Child, picture of, by Nicola di 

Ancona, 91 



Virgin and Child, picture of, ascribed to 
Lorenzo di Credi, 92 

Waagbn's Treasures of Art in Great 

Britain, referred to, 91, 125 
WahuU, Saier de, 3 
Wanborough, 12 

troubles with copyholders at, 16 
Walpole, Sir Robert, his opinion of Wm. 

Shippen, 124 
Walsingham, Sir Francis, 15 

letters from Wm. Darrell to, 39, 41 

libel uttered against, 42 

his interest secured by Wm. 

Darrell, 54 
claim to portions of Wm. Darrell's 
lands, 60, 61 
Walsingham, Ursula, Chancery suit re- 
specting lands in Chilton Folyat, 14 
Wards, Court of, suit in the, 14 
Warwick, Earl of, jealousy of the Duke of 

Somerset, 75 
Warwick Castle, fire at, referred to, 77 
Warwick Lane, Wm. Darrell's house in, 

Waterloo banquet, trout sent to the, 129 

Wellington, Sir John Popham buried at, 72 

Col. Alex. Popham's house be- 
sieged at, 78 

deer from, for Littlecote, 130 
'Western Alliance,' parliamentary con- 
nexion called the, 103 
Wharton, Philip, 4th Lord, 110 

marriage of, 83 

portrait of, 112 

position of, in Civil Wars, 111 

imprisonment of. 111 

death and burial of, 112 

William, killed in a duel, 110 

" WildDayrell," Derby winner in 1855, 123 
WiUiam TIL, portraits of, 80, 84 
. . and Mary, miniature of, 119 
William of Orange's rooms, description of, 
84, &c. 

. landing in England, 84 

visit to Littlecote, 84, 97 

Wine bottling, 121 
Winterborne, Manor of, 10 
Wulfhall, visit of Henry VIII. to, 74 

York, Duke of (afterwards James II.), visit 
to Littlecote, 97